Legal Reasoning section is an important section of Common Law Admission test and carries 50 marks in total and in case of a tie; seats are allotted on the basis of age and marks attained in this section.

What is being judged in Legal Reasoning section of CLAT?

Don’t get any ideas by the name of this section. Here your aptitude is being judged on the basis of reasoning questions. This section consists of questions containing:

  • A legal Principle
  • A factual situation
  • Followed by Four Options

The purpose of examiner is not to the law aspirants’ legal knowledge but to test the logical skills. The examiners are judging a candidate’s ability to apply knowledge in a given set of situation and his clarity of thought in Legal Reasoning Section.

Legal reasoning section comprises of Legal Aptitude questions and Legal Knowledge questions. 

Format of Legal Reasoning questions:

An analysis of previous CLAT papers suggests that questions in Legal Reasoning sections have been taken from the following areas:

1. Law of contracts: It covers the laws that govern the validity and content of any agreement made between companies, institution and individual people.

2. Law of Torts: A ‘tort’ is a kind of legal wrong done, for which the law provides a solution. It is a civil/secular action taken by one citizen against another and tried/adjudged in court.

3. Indian Penal Code (IPC): is the Criminal Code of India. It is a detailed code planned to cover almost all aspects of criminal law. The purpose of this code is to provide a general penal code for India. The Indian Penal Code of 1860, further sub-divided into twenty three chapters, consists of five hundred and eleven sections.

4. Constitution of India: is the supreme law of India. It is a tool which makes Government system work. It details the structure defining fundamental political principles, creates the procedures, structure, duties and powers of government institutions and displays fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.


Correct Approach to Solve Legal Aptitude Questions in CLAT:

The section presents you with a legal principle and states a situation. The question asks you to recognize legal consequences of the situation in support of given set of facts.

You have to apply principle to the facts given and recognize the most suitable option. It is possible to get more than one possible correct answer and you have to decide the most correct and suitable option.

1. Set assumptions aside:

 Always keep in mind that you don’t have to assume anything in law and always answer as per the given facts only. Donot try to question the given facts.

2. Principle is always Right:

Another important point to be borne in mind while solving legal reasoning questions is that Principle is always right. If you know something in relation to a question beforehand, keep that knowledge aside, be it legal knowledge, your personal viewpoint, prejudices or something you know in general. Go stringently by what the principle states and speaks despite the fact that it is quite opposite to what the law should be, as principle is ought to be right.


What is the trend of Legal Reasoning Section over the years in CLAT?

Analysis of Legal Reasoning section in CLAT 2013 – The LA section in year 2013 consisted of reasoning questions of various sizes and varying difficulty level. Since all the questions were of reasoning type, the time taken to solve them also increased for the average student. This gave the students the opportunity to solve maximum questions from this section which were of shorter length and leaving a few (3-4) lengthy ones. And it was a balanced section overall.

Analysis of Legal Reasoning section in CLAT 2014 – The questions that were mostly absent from the paper were related to Legal knowledge. Questions based on legal principles, were mainly from areas such as constitutional law, Criminal law, Contracts and torts.3-4 questions from Hindu law were present. Knowledge of IPR was tested with trademarks, Licenses and Copyright questions. Questions from areas such as Intellectual Property and International law were not asked.

Analysis of Legal Reasoning section in CLAT 2015 – This time this section came out to be an easy one for a well prepared student with about 15 questions based on principle and facts. Majority of questions came from legal GK, Acts, Amendments and head of Legal Institutions. This section was an easy but an unexpected one as a lot of questions related to legal knowledge and assertion – reason questions were asked this time. This has not been the trend for a past few years.

Also read: Expected exam pattern of CLAT 2016 by PrepLadder

Questions about Legal Knowledge questions will be answered in the next part of this post. If you have any further queries about the legal reasoning section of CLAT and other Law entrance exams, share them in the comments section below. Team of experts at PrepLadder will answer them all.

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