Para-jumbles are a very important topic of IBPS-PO English section. It includes jumbled sentences that form a meaningful paragraph which when unjumbled. There is no set strategy to solve para-jumbles, but with good tricks and some practice, you can score well in this section.
After extensively covering how to effectively answer Reading comprehensions in Part-1, we will now discuss tricks for Parajumbles.
Tricks to successfully solve Para-Jumbles
1. Understand the central theme:
The best way to solve Para jumbles is by developing high reading speed and by scanning all the options available. Try getting the feel of what the passage is talking about. This will keep you in the right direction.
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2. Keep a check on the chronology of events:
In a few questions, the events mentioned in the paragraph can be arranged in a chronological order and it becomes easier to logically construct a paragraph. The events are usually mentioned in ascending or descending order of their occurrence.
3. Keep reviewing the options:
Now, suppose you have 4 sentences A B C D. Based on chronological order, you know that A and B will appear in the order BA. Now scan the available options and match:
a) DABC (b) ACDB (c) CBAD (d) DBAC.
Now you know that the correct answer is either (c) or (d). Choose the best option out of these two.
4. Look for articles
You can spot 2 types of articles in parajumbles in IBPS-PO exam.
- Definite articles like “the”
- Indefinite articles like “a and an”
‘The’ is generally used when some person/place or event is being talked about for the second or 3rd time. First time introductions are usually made with the help of ‘a/an’. So, the sentence containing 'the' is most likely to come after the sentence containing a/an.
5. Look out for pronouns
Pronouns like he, she, they, it, them, their, him, her, can be easily spotted in parajumbled sentences. Such pronouns are always used when the person being talked about has already been introduced. So sentence with pronoun is most likely NOT the first sentence.
1. His political career came to an abrupt end with China’s military operation.
2. He attracted as he repelled.
3. He was responsible for the debacle.
4. A man of paradoxes, Menon remained an enigma.
A) 4312 B) 1342 C) 4213 D) 4123
Solution: Sentences 1,2,3 start with a pronoun. So the first sentence has to be 4.
Sentence 3 talks about the debacle (China’s military operation). So sentence 3 follows 1. The most suitable option is (C).
6. Look out for transition words
When you see a transition word in a sentence, be 90% sure that this sentence is not the first sentence.
Transition words are used in connecting a particular idea to the next. Here is a list for your reference:
- as well as
- after all
- for example
- for instance
- in short
- likewise otherwise
7. Look out for abbreviations
Short forms or abbreviations trick is useful in paragraphs where both these things are present. In cases of para jumbles, where both full form and abbreviations are present in different sentences, in that case, the sentence containing the full form will come before the sentence containing the abbreviation.
Now try solving this simple question on Para-jumbles from IBPS-PO exam 2013:
Rearrange the following sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) to make a meaningful paragraph and answer the questions that follow:
(A) However, while reading, they would not know when to pause and what to emphasize.
(B) Since then, their use has been regularized and the punctuation rules have been followed by all.
(C) In earlier days, people learned by reading out loud.
(D) But not everybody used the same punctuations for the same thing.
(E) To address this problem, various signs depicting various punctuations were introduced.
(F) Thus, firmer guidelines regarding punctuations were framed so that everyone used them in a similar way
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