The Reasoning section of every competitive exam (Banking, CLAT, SSC etc.) includes questions from the topic Aphabet Test. Quite a good number of questions are asked from this topic every year. It is one of the easiest topic in Reasoning section which can fetch you good marks.
Through this blog, we would like to share with our readers the Basic concept, tips & tricks to solve questions on Alphabetical tests which will surely prove to be helpful for you in the upcoming competitive exams.
Alphabet Test includes questions on finding the place of letter from left or right of some letter in the given arrangement ; finding middle letter; no. of letters between two different letters etc. We will discuss different types of questions that are covered in this topic but before that it important to understand the following mentioned points:
(A) Position of Alphabets from Left
The very first step is to know the position of letters from the Left end
Tricks to learn position of Alphabet from Left End
E - 5
J - 10
O - 15
T - 20
Y - 25
- K-11 (Kings XI Punjab)
- T-20 (T-20 tournament)
- U-21 (Under 21)
Similarly, you can form your own words which you find easy to remember.
(B) Position of Alphabets from Right
Once we know the position of Alphabets from the Left end, we can easily find the position of the Aphabet from the Right end using the following formula:
Total = P(left) + P (right) – 1
P (left) + P (right) =27
P (right) = 27- P (left)
(C) Equidistant pair of Alphabets (opposite pairs/ alternate pairs)
Sum of opposite pair of Alphabets = 27
Tricks to learn
Jack & Queen
Different types of questions in Aphabetical Test:
I. Place of letter in forward order
Find the 9th letter to the left of 15th letter from left in English alphabet.
Sol. In English alphabet 9th letter to the left of 15th letter = 15 – 9 i.e 6th letter from Left = F
II. Place of Letter in completely Backward Order
In such questions order of the letters is completely reversed or they are counted from Z to A and then relevant position is found out.
If English alphabets are written in backward order, then what will be 15th letter to the left of 4th letter from the right?
In backward order 15th letter to the left of the 4th letter from right = (15 + 4)th letter
= 19th letter from right end
III. Place of a Letter when First Half is in Backward Order
In such of questions, only the first half of the order of the alphabetical series is reversed and the remaining letters are left unaltered.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the first half of the given series is written in reverse order, which of the following will be 16th letter from the right end?
Sol: 1st half of the letters will be till M. We will reverse the series. The new series will be as follows
M L K J H G F E D C B A N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Now, we will count the 16th letter from right end.
In this case it is C.
In exam it is difficult to write the complete series again, so we can just no. the series as follows:
IV. Place of Letter when Second half is in backward direction
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the second half of the given series is written in reverse order, which of the following will be 16th letter from the left end?
2nd half of the letters will start from N. We will reverse the series. The new series will be as follows
A B C D E F G H I J K L M Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N
The 16th letter from left end is X
Alternatively, we can just no. the series as follows:
V. Middle letter between 2 letters
In these type of questions, you have to find the middle letter between two specified letters of English Alphabet.
Which letter is in the middle of 3rd letter from right and 10th letter from left in the English alphabet?
First of all we will find the position of the right letter from the left end i.e
3rd letter from right = 27- 3
= 24 Left
Now, we will the middle letter
24 L + 10 L /2
= 17 L (i.e Q)
Correct answer- Option B
We can take another example where the position of both the letters from the right end is given
Which letter is in the middle of 10th letter from right and 15th letter from right in the English alphabet?
In such a case, we can either calculate the middle letter as follows:
10R + 15 R /2
But it is difficult to remember the position of the letters from right end, so we convert it into left end
Position from left = 27-12.5
= 14.5 L
Therefore middle letters are N and O
(Position of N =14 & Position of O =15)
VI. Number of Letters between 2 Aphabets
In this type, questions are asked to calculate the total no. of English letters between any two specified letter as directed in the question.
There can be 4 situations under these types of problems:
How many letters are there between 9th letter from left and 6th letter from right in the English alphabet?
Sol. Total no. of letters in English alphabet = 26
Required no. of letters = 26- (9+6)
There are 11 letters between 9th letter from left and 6th letter from right.
VII. Same position of Alphabets after alphabetical arrangement
In such questions, a word is given and then you are asked how many letters remain same in their position, if they are arranged in alphabetical order.
How many such letters are there in the word “APPLE” which remain same in their position, if they are arranged in alphabetical order?
Original Word - A P P L E
Rearrangement - A E L P P
None of the words remained in their position after re-arrangement. Hence, the correct answer is Option (A)
VIII. Same no. of letters in the word as there are between English alphabetical series
How many such pairs of letters are there in the word PLANTS, each of which has as many letters between them in the word (in both forward and backward directions) as they have between them in the English alphabetical series?
E More than three
As visible in the above diagram, there are 3 pairs of letters in the word PLANTS which has same no. of letters between the word (in forward and backward directions) as they have between them in English alphabetical series.
Hence Option(D) is the correct choice.
We have covered all the type of questions that are covered in this topic and we hope this blog will be surely prove to be useful for you all.
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