Candidates are often seen struggling to solve questions on seating arrangement in Logical reasoning section of any competitive exam. Seating arrangement is one of the most important, easy and scoring topics. Follow the tips below and this section would become very scoring for you.
There are two types of ‘Seating – Arrangement’ questions:
- Circular-Sitting on a round table
- Linear-Sitting in rectangular row or table
The above mentioned problems are very easy to solve, at the same time they can be very time consuming if you don’t move in a proper manner. There are no shortcuts to solve these questions; only correct strategies.
Here are a Few tips to solve the seating arrangement questions:
1. Draw a diagram
Coming to a solution becomes easy with a diagram and questions are this way quickly solved. Convert all the information into a graphical form.
When marking the position in your diagram, check if the people are facing inwards or outwards. Your drawing will vary accordingly.
Sample Question: 6 Boys are sitting in a circle and facing towards the centre of the circle.
- Rajeev is sitting to the right of Mohan but he is not just at the left of Vijay.
- Suresh is between Babu and Vijay.
- Ajay is sitting to the left of Vijay.
Step 1: Draw a circle and mark 6 places on it. Remember that all are facing to towards the centre.
Step 2: Place Mohan at the top of the circle and mark the position of the remaining 5 boys accordingly.
Step 3: According to Condition 1: Mark Rajeev to the right of Mohan (1 place anti clockwise) and cancel the next position for Vijay.
Step 4: According to Condition 2: Position of Suresh, Babu and Vijay can be either BSV or VSB. Because we are not sure, don’t mark anything on the diagram yet. Read the next condition.
Step 5: According to Condition 3: Ajay and Vijay will sit together. For them to sit like this: AV, the position of Babu and Suresh should be to the right of Vijay: AVSB
So the final placement is:
Once you get the final arrangement, you can answer any question!
But having said that, the biggest disadvantage of these types of questions is that a single mistake can ruin the entire solution and consequently you will lose all the marks. Therefore, you are recommended to double check the diagram with given conditions.
2. Break the problem down into smaller problems
Don’t read all the conditions together. Read them one by one and solve accordingly as illustrated in the solved example above. If you don’t have 100% clarity about arrangement of information any condition, write it down beside you figure in shorthand.
3. Be careful of directions
Be careful of who is to the left/right of whom. Draw arrows in the figure to enhance clarity. Turn your sheet if you are getting confused.
Let’s try another problem. This one is on linear seating arrangement:
Sample Question: A, B, C, D, S and Z are sitting in a row.
- S & Z are in the centre.
- A & B are at the ends.
- C is sitting to the left of A.
Who is to the right of B?
A) A B) D C) S D) Z
The seating arrangement is as follows:
The position of S and Z can be interchanged since there is no clarity about this through the given conditions.
Therefore, right of B is D
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Solved Example: A, B, C are three boys while R, S & T are girls. They are sitting such that the boys are facing the girls.
- A & R are diagonally opposite to each other.
- C is not sitting at any of the ends.
- T is left to R but opposite to C.
Who is sitting opposite to B?
The two possible cases are:
Hence, R is sitting opposite to B.
Lot of Practice is advised in these kinds of questions, the more you practice, the better your skills at solving such questions becomes.
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