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Important Topics in Orthopedics by Dr. Apurv Mehra

Jun 23, 2017

We have got so many queries about what topics are most important that one must prepare in orthopedics for PGMEE.

Hence, PrepLadder asked help from one of the most renowned faculty member and orthopedic surgeon Dr. Apurv Mehra to cast some light on this.

Dr. Apurv Mehra is a well-respected orthpedic surgeon who is an expert of total knee arthoplasty and total knee replacement. He has exceptional academic skills and has given a list of following important topics that are must for PGMEE.

Important topics in Orthopedics have been divided into parts based on topics that are frequent in image-based questions and rest are based non-image based questions.

Important Topics for Image Based Questions:




Periosteal Reactions


Pott’s spine

Bone Tumors

·       Diagnosis especially Benign Tumors

·       Management Malignant Tumors


1.    Upper Limb:

·       Dislocation- Shoulder and Elbow

·       Fractures- Clavicle, Humerus, Supracondylar humerus, Lateral condyle humerus, Colles and Carpo metacarpal injuries

2.    Lower Limb:

·       Dislocations- Hip and Knee

·       Fractures- Hip, Femur shaft, Patella, Tibia and Calcaneum

Avascular Necrosis and Osteochondritis

·       Avascular Necrosis

Metabolic Disorders

·       Osteomalacia

·       Osteopetrosis and Pagets

·       Osteoporosis

·       Achondroplasia


·       Osteoarthritis

·       R.A and Ankylosing spondylitis

·       Gout

Nerve Injuries

·       Ulnar

Pediatrics Orthopedics


·       DDH and Perthes

·       CTEV


Other Important Topics




Investigations for Stress fracture, Osteomyelitis and Bone Tumors


·       Osteomyelitis

·       Pyogenic arthritis

·       Actinomycosis


T.B. Knee and Hip

Bone Tumors

Bone Cyst

Sports Injury

Cruciate ligaments and Meniscal injuries


·       Sumes

·       Choparts

·       Lisfrancs


1.    Complication:

·       Compartment Syndrome

·       Crush injury

·       Fat Embolism

·       Sudecks dystrophy

·       Myositis Ossificans

2.    Cervical Spine Injuries

3.    Lower Limb: Ankle Sprain

4.    Treatment: Nails, Screws and Wires

Avascular Necrosis and Osteochondritis

·       Osteochondritis

Neuromuscular Disorder

·       Polio

·       Disc prolapsed

·       Bursitis and other inflammatory disorders

·       Dupuytrens contracture

Metabolic Disorders

·       Hyperparathyroidism

·       Osteogenesis imperfect


·       Pseudogout

·       Charcots Joints

Nerve Injuries

·       Erb’s Palsy

·       Median and Radial Nerve

·       Entrapment syndrome- Carpal Tunnel and Meralgia Paraesthetica

Pediatrics Orthopedics


·       Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

·       Genu Varum


Go through these above mentioned topics first, then if time permits study other topics as well.

Hope this blog will help you to have an idea about what to prepare in Orthopedics for PGMEE.


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