GATE 2022 Preparation Tips for Civil Engineering (CE)

Sep 24, 2021

Civil Engineers give shape to the world we live in.

Be it well-connected highways, skyscrapers, tunnels, bridges, or even dams, for that matter, they are the result of the careful planning and impeccable execution by a Civil Engineer.

Becoming a Civil Engineer is not a cakewalk. One has to crack GATE to pursue Civil Engineering from a premier institute (IITs/NITs/IISc) to gain EXPERTISE and EXCEL in the field. Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and most popular branches of Engineering among GATE aspirants to pursue Masters in Technology.

It draws the highest number of candidates for the GATE every year. Hence, for its effective preparation, sincere efforts are required in the GATE exam preparation.

Civil Engineering Syllabus for GATE 2022

It is imperative to have a basic understanding of the Civil Engineering syllabus before starting the preparation for the subject. Carefully analyzing the syllabus will help candidates to focus more on the topics that have high marks weightage.  

IIT Kharagpur has released the syllabus for GATE 2022, and candidates can check the Civil Engineering syllabus here. 

Most Important Topics of Civil Engineering

SectionImportant Topics
Structural EngineeringSystem of forces,
Free-body diagrams,
Equilibrium equations;
Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams;
Simple stress and strain relationships;
Simple bending theory,
Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods;
Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition
Geotechnical EngineeringSeepage through soils
Two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force;
Sub-surface investigations - Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests;
Earth pressure theories - Rankine and Coulomb;
Stability of slopes
Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing
Capacity theories, the effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation;
Contact pressure;
Settlement analysis in sands and clays;
Water Resource EngineeringProperties of fluids,
Fluid statics;
Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications;
Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow;
Forces on immersed bodies;
Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude;
Hydrologic cycle,
Evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis,
Reservoir capacity,
Flood estimation and routing,
Environmental EngineeringBasics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters;
Water quality index;
Sewerage system design, the quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment.
Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts,
Air pollution control, Air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits.
Municipal Solid Waste-Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal)
Transportation EngineeringGeometric design of highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments.
Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant.
Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design.
Highway materials - desirable properties and tests;
Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes;
Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements;
Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study,
Statistical analysis of traffic data;
Geomatics EngineeringPrinciples of surveying;
Errors and their adjustment;
Maps - scale, coordinate system;
Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling;
Traversing and triangulation survey;
Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.
Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing - Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing and GIS.

Also read: Tips To Prepare Engineering Mathematics For GATE 2022

Practical Tips to Prepare for GATE Civil Engineering

Prepare a Study Plan

You don’t want your exam preparation to be unorganized, right? So, it is recommended to make a daily study routine and follow it rigorously  Candidates must ensure to prepare a well-structured study plan that includes revision, appearing in mock tests and test series, and the much-needed time for relaxation. The study plan should cover both short-term and long-term goals.

Refer Good Books

There is no denying that the market is flooded with various reference books for GATE preparation, and it is impossible to follow all of them. Hence, you should choose the books for the Civil Engineering preparation wisely. You can take assistance from your teachers or watch toppers’ interviews to get an idea of the books they followed during their preparation.

Revise Regularly

If you do not revise what has been studied, you will forget everything you have learnt. Retaining technical and complex topics/concepts can be a daunting task for GATE aspirants. It is a human tendency to forget things with time, and the GATE Civil Engineering syllabus is no exception. The syllabus is vast, time-consuming, and complex. So, it is strongly recommended to devote time to your revision. 

Keep Evaluating your Preparation

Always ensure to test the knowledge acquired during your preparation from time to time. Self-assessment should be done to identify your weak areas. Once found, take all the necessary actions to overcome the weaknesses. By engaging in self-assessment, you become a self-directed learner rather than a passive learner. The best way to evaluate yourself is by solving multiple Mock Tests. Not only do they give you an idea of how to present the answers in the exams, but they also boost your confidence level tremendously.

Solve Previous Year Question Papers

To understand the GATE exam pattern, type of questions asked in the exam, sections/topics which are essential from the exam point of view, and the level of questions asked in the GATE, it is strongly recommended to solve Previous Year Question Papers. They will help you identify weak areas and time management, a crucial aspect to succeed in the exam.

We hope these tips will assist you and give you an edge to your Civil Engineering preparation.

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All the best for your exam.

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Read more: Pro Tips To Crack GATE Computer Science & Information Technology (CS)

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Auther Details

Raminder Singh

Raminder is a Content Manager at PrepLadder. He has worked in several aspects of the education industry throughout his career and has assisted numerous candidates in cracking major competitive exams.


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