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All You Need to Know About 19th ASEAN-India Summit
Nov 16, 2022
Enhance your UPSC CSE preparation with our daily dose of Current Affairs wherein we discuss topics that make news at National and International level. In today's edition of our Current Affairs, we will discuss 19th ASEAN-India Summit. The topic's relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus is mentioned below.
For Prelims: Current events of national and international importance 19th ASEAN-India Summit, ASEAN nations, ASEAN-India Trade in Goods Agreement (AITIGA), 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), International Aviation Organisation (ICAO), The International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
For Mains: GS Paper II
Highlights of the ASEAN- India Summit, About ASEAN, India’s Commitment to ASEAN, India’s link with ASEAN, Significance of India-ASEAN Cooperations.
Recently to commemorate the 30th anniversary of ASEAN-India relations as the ASEAN-India Friendship Year, the Vice President of India addressed the 19th ASEAN-India relations.
The Indian Prime Minister in a statement said ASEAN is central to India’s Act East policy, which focuses on the extended neighborhood in the Asia-Pacific region. Justify (10 marks, 150 words)
About the Highlights of the ASEAN- India Summit
New dialogue platforms: It is to strengthen cooperation on cybersecurity, between the ASEAN member states and India.
ASEAN-India Comprehensive Strategic Partnership: Its establishment has been declared in the summit, along with reaffirming the importance of “freedom of navigation and overflight” in the strategically important region.
Capacity-building activities: Activities in digital transformation, digital trade, digital skills, and innovation, as well as Hackathons have been conducted by the India and ASEAN nations to enhance cooperation in the digital economy.
Cooperation in smart agriculture: They would also enhance cooperation in smart agriculture including the exchange of best practices in the use of new technologies to develop a future-ready, resilient, and sustainable food supply.
Building Smart cities: To build cities that are resilient, innovative, well-connected, and technologically advanced, the ASEAN nations and India will foster exchanges of best practices and capacity-building.
Strengthen Healthcare: They will also strengthen healthcare for their people by increasing collaboration in public health, areas of research and development, and public health emergency.
ASEAN-India Trade in Goods Agreement (AITIGA): It is proposed to expedite the review of the AITIGA, to make it more user-friendly, simple, and trade-facilitative, and work together to forge resilient supply chains, and explore cooperation.
Cooperation in the space sector: It would be enhanced through the establishment of tracking, data reception, and processing stations and encourage cooperation, and collaboration between ASEAN and Indian space industry players.
Revival of Tourism and Related Industry: The member states of ASEAN and India decided to revive tourism and related industries through the effective implementation of the ASEAN-India tourism work plans.
Resolution of Disputes: It should be resolved by following “universally recognized principles of international law, such as
1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS),
The relevant standards and recommended practices by the International Aviation Organisation (ICAO),
The International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
Note: The Vice President of India and the Cambodian Prime Minister held discussions on ways to further enhance bilateral ties, including areas like human resources, de-mining, and development projects, before addressing the summit.
Full Form: ASEAN stands for Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Establishment: It was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration).
Ten Member Countries:
Founding Fathers of ASEAN: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
Other Member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Cambodia.
Aims: To develop friendly relations and mutually beneficial dialogues, cooperation, and partnerships with countries and sub-regional, regional and international organizations and institutions, that includes:
External partners, ASEAN entities, human rights bodies, non-ASEAN Member States Ambassadors to ASEAN, ASEAN committees in third countries and international organizations, as well as international/regional organizations.
Chairmanship: They are appointed every year, from the Member States in alphabetical order of the English names.
The cultural economic and civilisational ties that have existed between India and ASEAN nations provides the strong foundation to build partnership in modern times.
The ASEAN-India partnership will explore synergies with sub-regional groupings like the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), and the Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) among others.
The deepen cooperation in the digitally supported agriculture sector ensure a “future-ready, resilient, sustainable food supply”.