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Explained: The Anti-Hijab Protests in Iran
Nov 23, 2022
Our today's edition of Current Affairs is here. Read to know more about Anti-Hijab Protests in Iran. Also, find the topic's relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus below:
For Prelims: Current Events of National and International Importance.
Iran protests, Arab Spring.
For Mains: GS II- Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
Protests in Iran, Human rights, Arab Spring
In the Islamic Republic of Iran, statewide demonstrations have been called in response to the death of a young Iranian-Kurdish lady while she was in the custody of the morality police, putting the clerical government under public scrutiny.
Do you think that Iran Protests are the tail events of the Arab Spring which started in Tunisia a decade ago? Comment.(150 words, 10 marks)
About the Protests in Iran
Mahsa Amini, a young Iranian-Kurdish woman, was detained by the morality police for allegedly inappropriately donning her hijab.
Her death was attributed by the authorities three days later to a heart attack she suffered while learning about hijab rules.
Her relatives and activists contend that she was beaten to death.
The incident sparked intense outrage in a country where official suppression of women's rights and resistance has always been an important political issue.
In a number of places, including Tehran and Mashhad, where protesters were yelling anti-clerical chants, women openly burnt hijabs.
According to the Norway-based Iran Human Rights NGO (IHRNGO), at least 326 people have been killed by Iranian security forces since the beginning of the urban revolts.
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Events of Anti Hijab Protests Turned into Anti-Government Demonstrations
The two-month-long protest that was sparked by the young woman's murder over the hijab issue has morphed into an anti-government demonstration.
Widespread demonstrations against the Iranian government and state authority have been held, and they have called for a change of government.
Athletes, sportspeople, and celebrities all participated in the protest. For instance, during a World Cup game, the Iranian national football squad declined to sing the national anthem.
The Iranian administration is propagating the notion that protests benefit its foreign adversaries in an effort to appeal to nationalist feelings while also justifying its harsh response. The Iranian government can be seen engaging in temporary fire fighting without substantive reforms.