Sep 09, 2022
Today’s edition of our Current Affairs will comprise a discussion on India's 1st Nasal Covid-19 Vaccine Gets DCGI nod for Emergency Use. Read further to upgrade your UPSC CSE knowledge and also understand the topic’s relevance to the UPSC syllabus.
For Prelims: Vaccine Technology, Nasal vaccine, Mechanism of vaccine, Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation, Basics of B and T cells.
For Mains: Evolution and mechanism of Vaccine Technology, Health Care policy, Covid Pandemic management, Evolution of Vaccine Technology (Biotechnology),
Explain recent development in the Vaccine Technology (Biotechnology), and its utility in the management of covid pandemic.
Bharat Biotech’s COVID-19 recombinant nasal vaccine has been approved by the Ministry of Health’s Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation for primary immunisation of those aged 18 years and above in emergency situations.
Under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, CDSCO is responsible for approval of Drugs, Conduct of Clinical Trials, laying down the standards for Drugs, control over the quality of imported Drugs in the country.
Coordination of the activities of State Drug Control Organizations by providing expert advice with a view of bringing about uniformity in the enforcement of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.
Further CDSCO along with state regulators, is jointly responsible for grant of licenses of certain specialized categories of critical Drugs such as blood and blood products, I. V. Fluids, Vaccine and Sera.
Read yesterday’s edition of Current Affairs on F-INSAS, Nipun Mines, LCA — India's New Defence Systems, in case you missed reading it.
The primary and secondary immune responses are carried out with the help of two special types of lymphocytes present in our blood, i.e., B-lymphocytes and Tlymphocytes.
Lymphocyte is a type of immune cell that is made in the bone marrow and is found in the blood and in lymph tissue. A lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell.
The primary lymphoid organs are bone marrow and thymus. The B-lymphocytes produce an army of proteins in response to pathogens into our blood to fight with them.
These proteins are called antibodies. The T-cells themselves do not secrete antibodies but help B cells produce them.
Also watch a detailed video on Preparation Strategy for 2023 UPSC Exam by Vivek Singh:
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