Apr 01, 2022
Today's edition of the Current Affairs Dialog box will comprise a discussion on Mekedatu Water Project and its relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus. This topic forms an integral part of the UPSC exam preparation and should be studied in depth in your UPSC coaching.
For Prelims: Mekedatu Water Project, Challenges in the Project and Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal.
For Mains: Views of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu Government, Conclusion.
Click here to read yesterday’s edition of the Current Affairs Dialog box, in case you missed it.
Recently, the Tamil Nadu assembly unanimously passed a resolution condemning the Karnataka government for its ‘unilateral decision’ to construct the Mekedatu dam across the river Cauvery.
Image Source: The Indian Express
The resolution of Inter-State water disputes is a test of the effectiveness of Cooperative Federalism. Comment
Elevate your UPSC CSE preparation with a detailed video lecture on National Monetization Pipeline & Infrastructure Investment Trust by Prem Sodhani Sir, our Current Affairs faculty:
It rises in Brahmagiri hills (1,341m) of Kogadu district in Karnataka.
The river carries water throughout the year with comparatively less fluctuation than the other Peninsular rivers.
The upper catchment area receives rainfall during the southwest monsoon season (summer) while the lower part during the northeast monsoon season (winter).
About 3 percent of the Kaveri basin falls in Kerala, 41 percent in Karnataka, and 56 percent in Tamil Nadu.
Left Bank Tributaries: Herangi, Hemvati, Shimsha, Akravaty, etc.
Right Bank Tributaries: Kabini, Bhavani, Amravati, Lakshmana tirtha, Noyyal, etc.
Image Source: The Hindu
Also read: Par Tapi Narmada River-Linking Project
|Interstate River Water Governance in India|
Article 262 of the Constitution provides for the adjudication of inter-state water disputes.
It makes two provisions:
Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution, and control of waters of any inter-state river and river valley.
Parliament may also provide that neither the Supreme Court nor any other court is to exercise jurisdiction in respect of any such dispute or complaint.
So far, the Parliament has enacted two laws:
The River Boards Act (1956): The River Boards Act provides for the establishment of river boards for the regulation and development of inter-state river and river valleys.
A river board is established by the Central government at the request of the state governments concerned to advise them.
The Inter-State Water Disputes Act (1956): Empowers the Central government to set up an ad hoc tribunal for the adjudication of a dispute between two or more states in relation to the waters of an inter-state river or river valley.
The decision of the tribunal would be final and binding on the parties to the dispute.
Neither the Supreme Court nor any other court is to have jurisdiction in respect of any water dispute which may be referred to such a tribunal under this Act.
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Ans. Mekedatu is a proposed dam project on the Cauvery River in the Indian state of Karnataka. The project aims to construct a dam and hydroelectric power generation facility across the river at Mekedatu, which is located between the towns of Kanakapura and Ramanagara, about 100km west of Bengaluru. The project has been a source of contention between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, as both states claim rights to the water of the Cauvery river.
Ans. Mekedatu Falls is a natural waterfall located on the Cauvery river in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is situated between the towns of Kanakapura and Ramanagara, about 100km west of Bengaluru. The falls are a popular tourist destination known for their scenic beauty and the opportunity for adventure activities like rafting and trekking. It is not related to the proposed Mekedatu Dam Project.
Ans. Mekedatu Sangama is a place where the Arkavathi and Cauvery rivers meet and form a confluence. It is located in the Indian state of KarnATAKA, between the towns of Kanakapura and Ramanagara, about 100km west of Bengaluru. Mekedatu Sangama is a popular spot for tourists and locals alike, known for its scenic beauty and opportunities for activities such as rafting, trekking, and swimming. It is also a pilgrimage site for Hindus, as it is believed that a dip in the confluence of the rivers can wash away one's sins.
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