Aug 02, 2022
Today we will discuss the Monkeypox Outbreak in our daily dose of Current Affairs. Read the blog to level up your UPSC exam preparation and also find the topic's relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus.
For Prelims: Viral Diseases, Monkeypox, WHO
For Mains: Global Health Emergency, History of outbreak of Monkeypox
Also read our yesterday's edition of Current Affairs on What's causing severe Heatwaves and Wildfires in Europe? in case you missed it.
The WHO has recently declared Monkeypox a Global Health Emergency. Various states in India also confirmed the cases of Monkeypox.
What are zoonotic diseases? Analyze the causes and consequences of an increasing number of zoonoses outbreaks in the recent past.
The first invasion period: It is between 0-5 days, and is characterized by fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, exhaustion, and lymph node swelling.
The skin eruption stage: It can last between 2 - 4 weeks, during which the lesions harden and become painful, fill up first with clear fluid and then pus, and then develop scabs or crusts.
The swelling of the lymph nodes is one of the characteristic features of monkeypox and is not observed in similar rash-causing diseases like measles and chickenpox.
The conjunctiva, cornea of the eye, and the genital area can also get affected, due to monkeypox.
The World Health Organization (WHO) underlines that it is important not to confuse monkeypox with chickenpox, measles, bacterial skin infections, scabies, syphilis, and medication-associated allergies.
|Additional Information: |
A zoonotic disease is a disease or infection that can be transmitted naturally from vertebrate animals to humans or from humans to vertebrate animals. More than 60% of human pathogens are zoonotic in origin. This includes a wide variety of bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, parasites, and other pathogens.
Source: The Indian Express , The Hindu
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