What is National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS)? - UPSC Current Affairs
Sep 03, 2022
Today’s edition of our Current Affairs will comprise a discussion on National Automated Fingerprint Identification System . Read further to upgrade your UPSC CSE knowledge and also understand the topic’s relevance to the UPSC syllabus.
For Prelims: NAFIS, Fingerprinting, Forensic technology
For Mains: National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS), Fingerprinting, Forensic technology
Recently, the Union Home Minister inaugurated the National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS), at the two-day National Securities Strategies (NSS) Conference 2022 held in New Delhi.
Background and Evolution of Fingerprinting as a Crime-Fighting Tool
Anthropometry, the measurement of physical features of the body, was used by officials in colonial India as a crime fighting tool.
It was soon replaced with a system of fingerprints, being more accurate as no two people can have identical sets of patterns.
William Herschel, the chief administrator of the Hooghly district of Bengal, from the late-middle 1800s onwards, used fingerprinting in order to ensure that the correct person was receiving government pensions, signing land transfer deeds, and mortgage bonds.
The world’s first Fingerprint Bureau was established in Calcutta in 1897.
Tracing a single set of fingerprints from a large collection of fingerprint cards required a workable system of classification, which was developed by Edward Henry.
Contribution of Indians:
The Inspector General of the Bengal Police, Edward Henry, who had recruited two Indian sub-inspectors, Aziz-ul-Haq (first devised a system of primary classification and a system for indexing names in court conviction registers.) and H C Bose, later acknowledged their contribution.
The colonial state bestowed on them the titles of Khan Bahadur and Rai Bahadur respectively.
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