Nov 15, 2022
Today’s edition of our Current Affairs will comprise a discussion on Remembering Birsa Munda on Janjatiya Gaurav Divas. Read further to upgrade your UPSC CSE knowledge and also understand the topic’s relevance to the UPSC syllabus.
For Prelims: History of India and Indian National Movement
Birsa Munda, Munda Rebellion, Zamindari system, Christian Missionary, Chhota Nagpur Tenancy Act of 1908, Janjatiya Gaurav Divas.
For Mains: GS Paper I- Modern Indian History
About Birsa Munda, Contributions of Birsa Munda, Munda Rebellion, Other Tribal Revolts.
Recently, the Indian Prime Minister paid tributes to Bhagwan Birsa Munda on his birth anniversary on 15th November, a day which is also celebrated as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas.
What motivated Birsa Munda to start Munda Rebel, and also what was the outcome of the rebellion? Explain. (10 marks, 150 words)
Also Read: Freedom of Religion and Attire
Other Tribal Revolts
India’s freedom struggle was strengthened by several tribal communities. Following are a few major revolutionary movements and struggles organized by tribal communities:
Pahariyas Rebel (1778):
It was led by Raja Jagannath. As a result of their rebellion, Pahariyas territory was declared autonomous (damin-i-Koh areas) by the East India Company.
Chuar Uprising / Revolt of the Jungle Mahal (1766-72, 1796-1816):
Durjan Singh, a displaced zamindar, led 1500 the tribes of Midnapore & Bankura in West Bengal.
Bhil Revolts (1817-1846):
In 1913 the rebel again rose in South Rajasthan under the leadership of Gobind Guru for Bhil Raj.
Kol Mutiny (1831):
Buddho Bhagat led the revolt.
Ho Uprising (1820-1837):
Ho as well as Munda tribal leaders initiate the uprising as organized by the Raja of Parahat.
Koli Uprisings (1829, 1839, 1844-48):
Raghu Bhanagare was the leader of a group of Mahadev Kolis in Western Maharastra.
Khond Uprising (1837-1856):
Chakra Bishnoi led the revolt of the Khond tribe from Odisha to the Vishakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh.
News source: PIB, The Indian Express
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