Today we will discuss Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM): YEAR END REVIEW 2022 in our today's edition of Current Affairs. Read further to upgrade your UPSC CSE knowledge and also understand the topic’s relevance to the UPSC syllabus.
About the Highlights of the Year-end Review 2022 of JJM, About Jal Jeevan Mission (JJB)Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen): Key Highlights of 2022, GOBARdhan initiative of SBM(G).
Recently the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Ministry of Jal Shakti has shared the year-end Review 2022 of the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
The Government of India in partnership with States is implementing the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) to make provision for tap water supply to every rural household by 2024. Explain (150 words, 10 marks)
About the Highlights of the Year-end Review 2022 of JJM
Access to tap water
As on 21st December 2022, more than 10.76 Crore (55.62 %) of rural households are being provided with tap water connection in adequate quantity, of prescribed quality on regular basis.
Four States namely Goa, Telangana, Gujarat, and Haryana, and 3 Union Territories of Puducherry, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands, reported as Har Ghar Jal, i.e. every rural household has the provision of tap water supply.
Punjab (99.93%), Himachal Pradesh (97.17%), and Bihar (95.76%) are on the verge of becoming ‘Har Ghar Jal’.
Har Ghar Jal Certification
A village is declared as Har Ghar Jal certifies, once the Gram Panchayat passes a resolution with the concurrence of all the village members that the village has a functional tap connection.
As of date, 56 districts, 413 blocks, 34,452 panchayats, and 49,928 villages are ‘Har Ghar Jal’ certified i.e., all the households have access to tap water connection.
Burhanpur District of Madhya Pradesh becomes the first ‘Har Ghar Jal’ certified district in India in July 2022.
Goa becomes the First ‘Har Ghar Jal’ Certified State & Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu become the First ‘Har Ghar Jal’ Certified UT in India in August 2022
Coverage of potable tap water to JE-AES affected districts
The government of India accords priority to Japanese Encephalitis (JE)-Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) affected Districts to ensure potable tap water supply in all the households under Jal Jeevan Mission.
This has resulted in an improvement in the health profile of the rural population of these areas.
Coverage of Potable Tap water in Aspirational districts
There are 112 Aspirational districts of which 8 districts have provided 100% tap water connection to their rural households.
Provision of Drinking Water Supply in Public Institutions (Schools and Anganwadi Centers)
Jal Jeevan Mission is proving to be a game-changer for children's health, as potable drinking piped water supply is being provided on a priority basis in schools and Anganwadi centers (daycare).
Status of Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance
There are a total of 2,074 water testing laboratories in the country. Of these, 1,005 are NABL accredited.
Water quality testing labs of States/ UTs are now open for the public for testing water samples at nominal rates.
Village Water & Sanitation Committee (VWSC) formation and Village Action Plans (VAPs)
Over 5.17 lakh VWSCs/ Paani Samitis have been constituted under the program.
The Paani Samiti is responsible for the management and regular operation and maintenance of the in-village water supply systems including local water sources.
Funds Allocation for Jal Jeevan Mission
The 15th Finance Commission has identified water supply and sanitation as a national priority and allocated funds of Rs. 2.36 lakh Crore to Rural Local Bodies/Panchayat Raj Institutions (RLBs/PRIs) for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26.
Local people were trained as masons, plumbers, pump operators, motor mechanics, electricians, and fitters.
Implementation Support Agencies (ISAs)
The States/ UTs are extending support to the Panchayats by engaging Implementation Support Agencies (ISAs) to facilitate the constitution of VWSC.
About 14 thousand ISAs have been engaged, and are actively working in the field.
National WASH Expert
It is for ground truthing and technical assistance to States in the implementation of the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM). So far 46 NWEs are empaneled.
During the year, 62 teams have visited around 1,035 villages for ground truthing of the implementation work done under JJM.
Reduction of Waterborne Diseases
As per the report from National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), with the availability of safe and potable drinking water at the doorstep of every rural household, water-borne disease has been drastically reduced.
Grievance Redressal Mechanism
Grievance Redressal Cell has been constituted in the Department to address the grievances related to the water supply.
Constant feedback and suggestions from the recipients and stakeholders regarding the delivery of services are being taken.
The purpose of Jal Jeevan Survekshan 2023 is to incentivize States/ Districts functionaries to strive for better performances and improved water service delivery in rural areas.
About Jal Jeevan Mission (JJB):
JJM or Har Ghar Jal is a flagship program of the Government of India which was announced by the Prime Minister on August 15, 2019.
Aim: To make provision for potable tap water supply in adequate quantity, of prescribed quality, and on a regular & long-term basis to every rural household in the country by 2024.
Implementation: The government of India in partnership with States/UTs is implementing JJM.
Access: All people of the certified places, which also include schools, Anganwadi centers, public institutions including Gram Panchayat buildings, healthcare centers, community centers, ashramshalas, and other government offices have access to potable water through tap connection.
Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen): Key Highlights of 2022
It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and was launched by the Prime Minister on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
SBM-G aims to convert all villages from Open Defecation Free (ODF) to ODF Plus by 2024-25.
1,24,677 villages declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus between 1st January, 2022 to 20th December, 2022.
To prioritize Liquid Waste Management Sujlam campaign was launched. Under Sujlam 1.0 and Sujlam 2.0 campaigns, more than 23 lakh soak pits were constructed.
Under the GOBARdhan initiative of SBM(G), 96 community/cluster-level Biogas Plants have been established since January 2022.
For capacity strengthening of SBM-G field functionaries, 2191 Master Trainers have been trained since January, 2022.
Retrofit to Twin Pit Abhiyan has been launched to promote the safe disposal of fecal sludge through a simple on-site methodology of retrofitting single pit toilets to twin pit toilets.
Recently the Swachh Survekshan Grameen (SSG) 2023 on 2nd November 2022 has also launched.
GOBARdhan is an important component of Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen. Its objective is to ensure cleanliness in villages and generate wealth and energy by converting bio-waste including animal waste, agri-residue into bio-slurry and biogas and to improve the lives of villagers.