Mar 13, 2023
Our today's edition of Current Affairs is here. Read to know more about Women’s Reservation Bill. Also, find the topic's relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus below:
For Prelims : Economic and Social Development
Women’s Reservation Bill (WRB), Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Geeta Mukherjee Committee, 73rd constitutional amendments.
For Mains : GS Paper II (Issues relating to development and management of the Social Sector)
About the Women’s Reservation Bill (WRB), Significance of the Women’s Reservation Bill, Issues with the Women’s Reservation Bill (WRB), Current Status of Women in Parliament, Demand for reservation for women in legislative bodies.
Recently, a leader of Bharat Rashtra Samithi (BRS) began a day-long hunger strike in New Delhi, demanding passage of the Women’s Reservation Bill (WRB).
Why has the women’s reservation bill faced stiff opposition for various reasons since its introduction in 1996? Explain. (150 words, 10 marks)
The Bill will reserve 1/3rd of the total number of seats in state Assemblies and Parliament for women.
Five of the seven recommendations made by the 1996 Geeta Mukherjee Committee were included in this version of the bill.
These are as follows:
Reservation for a period of 15 years;
Sub-reservation for Anglo Indians;
Reservation in cases where the state has less than three seats in Lok Sabha (or less than three seats for SCs/STs);
Reservation for the Delhi assembly; Changing “not less than one-third” to “as nearly as may be, one-third”.
Two of the excluded recommendations that became major sticking points are as follows:
Reservation for OBC women.
Reservation for women in the Rajya Sabha and legislative council.
|Key government schemes for reducing the gender gap:|
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)
Mahila Shakti Kendra (MSK)
Working Women Hostel (WWH)
Scheme for Adolescent Girls
Mahila Police Volunteers (MPV)
Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK)
The National Crèche Scheme
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna
Pradhan Mantri Awaas YojanaPradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
Deen Dayal Upadhyay National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna(SSY)
Skill Upgradation & Mahila Coir Yojana
Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)
News Source: The Indian Express
The WRB was first introduced in 1996; however, it didn’t get approval in the Lok Sabha. The WWB was then referred to a Joint Parliamentary Committee chaired by Geeta Mukherjee, which presented its report in December 1996. However, the bill lapsed with the dissolution of the Lok Sabha and had to be reintroduced.
In 2006, Bihar became the first state to designate 50% of PRI seats for female employees.
The Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies would reserve one-third of all seats for women under the Constitution (One Hundred and Eighth Amendment) Bill of 2008. The authority specified by Parliament shall decide how to distribute the reserved seats.
To improve your UPSC CSE Preparation and succeed on the UPSC CSE examination, download the PrepLadder app. It will give you access to the best UPSC study material, selected by India's top UPSC faculty.The Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies would reserve one-third of all seats for women under the Constitution (One Hundred and Eighth Amendment) Bill of 2008. The authority specified by Parliament shall decide how to distribute the reserved seats.
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