About the Government’s Plan to Bring Cheetahs to India
The Indian government has been attempting to reintroduce cheetahs in India since the 1960s and the 1970s, as in 1952 they were declared extinct in India.
The government has made failed attempts to bring Asiatic cheetahs from Iran, the only country to have a surviving population of the species.
Once again, in an effort to bring African Cheetah into India, the MoU was signed between India and Namibia.
Aims of MoU:
To facilitate cheetah conservation in both countries by way of exchange of expertise,
Sharing of good practices in the field of wildlife conservation,
Use of technology and sustainable management of biodiversity.
The very name 'Cheetah' (Acinonyx Jubatus Venaticus) originates from Sanskrit and means 'the spotted one'.
Cheetahs live in open plains; their habitat is predominantly where their prey live and temperatures that tend to be hotter compared to cooler regimes.
African Cheetah is Vulnerable (6000 to 7000 population in Africa)
Asiatic Cheetah is Critically Endangered (40 to 50 only found in Iran)
In saving cheetahs, one would have to save not only its prey-base comprising certain threatened species, but also other endangered species of the grasslands and open forest ecosystems, some of which are on the brink of extinction.
It is also observed that among large carnivores, conflict with human interests is lowest for Cheetahs. They are not a threat to humans and do not attack large livestock either.
Goal of Cheetah Reintroduction Project
Cheetah happens to be the only large carnivore that got completely wiped out from India, mainly due to over-hunting and habitat loss.
Also India has a larger goal of re-establishing ecological function in Indian grasslands that was lost due to the extinction of the Asiatic cheetah.
This is in conformity with International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) guidelines on conservation translocations.
The cheetahs would help in the conservation of other species in the sanctuary, including that of the grasslands.
The main goal is to establish viable cheetah metapopulation in India thereby contributing to its global conservation efforts.
Download the Prepladder App to study from India’s Top UPSC Faculty and transform your UPSC Preparation from the Beginner level to the Advanced level. You can also join our Telegram channel for UPSC coaching and to stay updated with the latest information about the UPSC exam.
Own Your Dream
Get quick access to the latest happenings across the globe. Articles revolving around factual data that aims to boost your UPSC CSE preparation and make your dreams become a reality!