Your Ultimate UPSC Study Material To Crack IAS Exam
Comprehensive content tailored For Success
Mahaparinirvan Diwas: Why is it celebrated?
Dec 06, 2022
Upgrade your UPSC CSE preparation with our today’s edition of Current Affairs where we will talk about Mahaparinirvan Diwas and why is it celebrated. The relevance of today’s topic to the IAS syllabus is mentioned below.
For Prelims: Indian National Movement
Mahaparinirvan Diwas, Lord Gautam Buddha, Dr. B R Ambedkar, Bhim Jayanti, Manusmriti Dahan Din, Communal Award, 1932, Poona Pact, 1932.
His capabilities provided him the opportunity to be the Law and Justice Minister in the first cabinet of Jawahar Lal Nehru.
His followers used the salutation ‘Jai Bhim’ to honor him.
Popular Events in Ambedkar’s Life
Encountering Buddhism: Ambedkar’s encounter with Buddhism, in a public ceremony, where he was gifted a biography of the Buddha by Dada Keluskar, the author and a family friend.
Manusmriti Dahan Din (Manusmriti Burning Day): Manusmriti is a Hindu text that justifies caste discrimination and "untouchability", thus it was burnt by Babasaheb along with his followers on 25 December 1927.
Communal Award, 1932: The efforts of Ambedkar recognize by the British colonial government, by announcing the formation of a separate electorate for "Depressed Classes"
Poona Pact, 1932: It was between Mahatma Gandhi and Ambedkar, giving 148 seats to the depressed class in the legislature.
Chairman of Drafting Committee: Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. He headed the drafting Committee.
Finance Commission of India: It was established by Ambedkar in 1951.
Dalit Buddhist Movement: It was in 1956, a socio-political movement. The movement later got converted to ‘Navayana Buddhism’ or ‘Neo-Buddhism’, a re-interpretation of Buddhism.
Establishment of RBI: The ideas that Ambedkar presented to the Hilton Young Commission, is credited for the establishment of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
Bharat Ratna: It was awarded to him posthumously in 1990.
Watch this video by Atul Garg sir, if you struggle to focus while studying:
Literature by DR B R Ambedkar
Waiting for a Visa: It is his autobiography.
Mooknayak (Leader of the Silent): The weekly magazine by Ambedkar with the help of Shahu of Kolhapur, that is, Shahu IV (1874–1922).
Bahishkrit Bharat: Periodicals in defense of Dalits.
Equality Janta: Another Periodical that defends Dalits.
Problem of the rupee, its origin, and its solution: The work along with Administration and Finance of the East India Company and The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India is on economics, depicting Ambedkar’s command on the subject.
Annihilation of Caste: The book criticized the caste system.
Who Were the Shudras: The text is an attempt to explain the formation of untouchables.
The Buddha and His Dhamma: This is his final book in 1956, which was published posthumously.
Dr. Ambedkar’s father’s surname was Sakpal, but his surname ‘Ambedkar’ was given to him in Ambedkar’s school records by one of his Brahmin Marathi teachers, who were so fond of him.
Ambedkar initially wanted to convert to Sikhism, but after his encounter with various Sikh leaders, he concluded that he would be treated as a second-rate Sikh.Ambedkar also participated in all three round-table conferences (1930-1032).
The Buddha or Karl Marx and Revolution and counter-revolution in ancient India, these texts of Ambedkar remained incomplete.
Download the Prepladder App to study from India’s Top UPSC Faculty and transform your UPSC Preparation from the Beginner level to the Advanced level. You can also join our Telegram channel for UPSC coaching and to stay updated with the latest information about the UPSC exam. Own Your Dream Team PrepLadder
Get quick access to the latest happenings across the globe. Articles revolving around factual data that aims to boost your UPSC CSE preparation and make your dreams become a reality!