Jul 4, 2022
|Related Key Terms
Tithes: A tax levied by the church, comprising one-tenth of the agricultural produce.
Taille: Tax to be paid directly to the state.
Livre: Unit of currency in France, discontinued in 1794.
Clergy: Group of persons invested with special functions in the church.
An extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood are endangered.
Take your History preparation for UPSC Mains 2022 to the next level with this useful video on European Influence on Painting During British Rule-I by Hemant Jha Sir, our faculty for History:
He was born in a noble family but acted as a crusader against the feudal privilege of society.
He brought out a journal and delivered powerful speeches to the crowds assembled at Versailles.
Abbe Sieyes: Originally a priest, wrote an influential pamphlet called ‘What is the Third Estate’?
The Estates General was a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives.
|Constitutional Monarchy: It is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
The political system under the Constitution of 1791
|The MarseillaiseThe Marseillaise was a patriotic song sung by people during the war against Prussia.
It was composed by the poet Roget de L’Isle.It is now the national anthem of France.
Jacobin ClubJacobin Club was a political club in France that started during the French Revolution.
The members of the Jacobin club belonged mainly to the less prosperous sections of society.
They included small shopkeepers, artisans such as shoemakers, pastry cooks, watchmakers, printers, as well as servants and daily-wage workers. Their leader was Maximilian Robespierre.
Members of the Jacobin Club known as San-culottes.
Important links for UPSC Mains preparation:
|Open-Economy Macroeconomics- NCERT Notes UPSC
|Basic Concepts of International Trade- NCERT Notes UPSC
|Mineral and Energy Resources of India- NCERT Notes UPSC
|Non-Competitive Markets- NCERT Notes UPSC
|Natural Vegetation in India- NCERT Notes UPSC
|Production and Costs- Indian Economy – NCERT Notes UPSC
|Human Geography: Nature and Scope- NCERT Notes UPSC
|Globalisation and the Indian Economy- NCERT Notes UPSC
Robespierre's government’s tenure from 1793 to 1794 is referred to as the Reign of Terror.
The guillotine is a device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person is beheaded. It was named after Dr Guillotine who invented it.
Useful links for UPSC Mains 2022 preparation:
Women were active participants in the events which brought about so many important changes in French society.
|Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793):
Olympe de Gouges protested against the Constitution and the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen as it excluded women from basic rights.
In 1791, she wrote a Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizen, in which she addressed the Queen and to the members of the National Assembly, demanding equal rights for women.
In 1793, Olympe de Gouges criticized the Jacobin government for forcibly closing down women's clubs. She was tried by the National Convention which charged her with treason. Soon after this, she was executed.
The elected assembly formed in France in 1792 was called Convention. It abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic.
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