World AIDS Day 2022: Theme, History & Significance
Dec 01, 2022
Enhance your UPSC CSE preparation with our daily dose of Current Affairs wherein we discuss topics that make news at the National and International levels.
In today's edition of our Current Affairs, we will discuss World AIDS Day 2022: Theme, History & Significance. The topic's relevance to the UPSC CSE syllabus is mentioned below.
For Prelims: Science and Technology
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Stem cell transplantation, World Aids Day, Antiretroviral therapy (ART), National AIDS and STD Control Programme (NACP, Phase-V).
It is commemorated to remember those who lost their lives to Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness.
It is also the day when people come together to raise awareness in the fight against HIV.
World AIDS Day theme of 2022: ‘Equalize’. The slogan is a call to action for all of us to work for the proven practical actions needed to address inequalities to help end AIDS.
The situation of AIDS
Globally, data for 2021 shows that 38.4 million people living with HIV (PLHIV), out of which 1.7 million were children.
54% of all PLHIV were women and girls.
In 2021, 6,50,000 people died of AIDS-related diseases.
Around 1.5 million people worldwide became newly infected with HIV in 2021 and 4,000 new infections every day as per the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
Globally, of all people living with HIV (PLHIV), 85% knew their status, 75% were accessing treatment and 68% were virally suppressed in 2021.
Status of AIDS in India
Total Cases: In India, an estimated 2.4 million people were living with HIV in 2021 (including 70,000 children).
Other Data: Out of 2.4 million PLHIV, 1.9 million or 77% knew their HIV status; 1.6 million (or 65%) were on life-saving antiretroviral therapy, and 1.3 million (55%) had suppressed viral load.
News Cases: More alarmingly, 63,000 people have newly infected with HIV in 2021 in India i.e. 173 new infections every day or 7 infections every hour.
Deaths: There were 42,000 AIDS-related deaths in 2021 (5 deaths every hour).
Regions that require attention: Its spread is yet to be controlled in some states like Andhra Pradesh, where all districts have more than 5,000 people living with HIV AIDS.
Efforts Taken by the Indian Government:
Antiretroviral therapy (ART): India has contributed immensely by making antiretroviral therapy (ART) affordable and accessible to over 90% of people living with HIV in the world.
National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS: It is a 7-year plan, launched by the government of India to work towards reaching the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
National AIDS and STD Control Programme (NACP, Phase-V): It is a Central Sector Scheme fully funded by the Government of India for a period of five years from 1st April 2021 to 31st March 2026, to eliminate HIV.
Other gamechanger initiatives: The HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Act (2017), Test and Treat Policy, Universal Viral Load Testing, Mission Sampark, Community-Based Screening, transition to Dolutegravir-based Treatment Regimen, etc.