Dec 30, 2022
Today’s edition of our Current Affairs will comprise a discussion on How are Inter-State Disputes Resolved in India?. Read further to upgrade your UPSC CSE knowledge and also understand the topic’s relevance to the UPSC syllabus.
For Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance
Inter-State Disputes, Article 131 of the Constitution, Article 263 of the Constitution, the Sarkaria Commission 1988, Mahajan Commission, North East Frontier Tracts in 1915, Inter-State Council
For Mains: GS Paper II- Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure
About the Resolution of Inter-State Disputes, Methods in Constitution for Inter-state disputes Resolution, About the Maharashtra-Karnataka border dispute, Other inter-state disputes in India, Inter-State Council
Recently the Inter-state disputes again came into the news due to the intensifying border dispute between Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Constitutional mechanism to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both ? Discuss. (200 words) (PYQ 2013)
1.between the Government of India and one or more States; or
2.between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more other States on the other; or
3.between two or more States, if and in so far as the dispute involves any question (whether of law or fact) on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends. Provided that the said jurisdiction shall not extend to a dispute arising out of any treaty, agreement, covenant, engagement, and or other similar instruments which, having been entered into or executed before the commencement of this Constitution, continues in operation after such commencement, or which provides that the said jurisdiction shall not extend to such a dispute
1.inquiring into and advising upon disputes which may have arisen between States;
2.investigating and discussing subjects in which some or all of the States, or the Union and one or more of the States, have a common interest; or
3.making recommendations upon any such subject and, in particular, recommendations for the better coordination of policy and action with respect to that subject, in shall be lawful for the President by order to establish such a Council, and to define the nature of the duties to be performed by it and its organisation and procedure.
|Composition of Inter-state Council
Prime Minister Chairman
Chief Ministers of all States Members
Chief Ministers of Union Territories having a Legislative Assembly and Administrators of UTs not having a Legislative Assembly and Governors of States under President’s Rule(Governor’s Rule in the case of J&K) Members
Six Ministers of Cabinet rank in the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister Members
Four Ministers of Cabinet rank as Permanent invitees Members
In 2015, the Centre said in a reply to Parliament, that there are border disputes mostly arising out of claims and counter-claims over territories between:
News Source: The Indian Express
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