Jun 30, 2023
Bacterial vaginosis (BV), a vaginal infection, is caused by bacterial overgrowth. In every healthy vagina exist microorganisms. Normally, these bacteria cooperate with one another. Every now and then, the "bad" bacteria take over and outnumber the "good" bacteria. This throws off the usual balance of bacteria in the vagina and leads to bacterial vaginosis.
If you have bacterial vaginosis, the discharge from your vagina may have a "fishy" odor. It may cause soreness in the vagina for some persons whereas some individuals may not have any BV symptoms.
Additionally, bacterial vaginosis is more common in sexually active people. It is not known why this is the case. However, actions like douching and unprotected sex raise the possibility of Bacterial vaginosis.
Read this blog further to get a quick overview of this important topic for OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY to ace your NEET PG exam preparation.
The imbalance of the natural bacteria in the vagina leads to bacterial vaginosis. Vaginal flora refers to the bacteria of the vagina that grows there. The vagina is kept healthy by a balanced vaginal flora. There are typically more "good" bacteria than "bad" bacteria in the vagina. The term "bad bacteria" is referred to anaerobes, while "good bacteria" is referred to lactobacilli. Anaerobe overgrowth can lead to bacterial vaginosis by upsetting the flora's delicate equilibrium.
Up to 85% of those with bacterial vaginosis have no symptoms. In that case, you might have:
Among the risk factors for bacterial vaginosis are:
Bacterial vaginosis can be avoided by:
Complications from bacterial vaginosis are rare. However, occasionally having BV can result in:
These hazards could be caused by other factors, according to recent studies. An early delivery history is one of these justifications. But the research suggests that if you experience BV symptoms while pregnant, you should be examined. If so, your doctor will be able to choose the best course of action.
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To treat Bacterial vaginosis, the doctor may provide antibiotics such as metronidazole, clindamycin, or tinidazole. This can be a tablet that you swallow or a lotion or gel that you apply to your vagina. Most treatments will last between five and seven days. Even if the symptoms go, take the entire prescribed dosage. If not treated properly then the infection can return.
Do not engage in sexual activity until you have finished taking your medication and your symptoms have subsided because Bacterial Vaginosis can be transmitted through sex.
Even when Bacterial Vaginosis has been treated and disappears, it frequently reappears. You'll most likely need to take antibiotics again and for a longer period of time if that occurs.
You might wish to discuss an alternative method of birth control with your doctor if you use an IUD and Bacterial Vaginosis keeps returning which is also known as recurrent Bacterial vaginosis.
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