Oct 05, 2023
Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is an impaired vision in one eye brought on by early abnormal visual development. The lazy or weaker eye frequently travels inside or outward.
From birth to the age of seven, amblyopia often develops. It is the main factor causing children's visual loss. A lazy eye rarely affects both eyes.
Long-term vision problems for your child can be avoided with early detection and treatment. Typically, patching therapy, glasses, or contact lenses can correct the vision of the eye with the worst vision.
Early abnormal visual experiences that alter the nerve connections between the brain and the retina, a small layer of tissue at the back of the eye, lead to the development of a lazy eye. Less visual information is transmitted to the weaker eye. The brain eventually suppresses or rejects signals from the weaker eye as the capacity of the eyes to function together decreases.
A lazy eye can be brought on by anything that affects a child's vision or causes their eyes to cross or turn out. The following list of common causes is given as follows:
The following symptoms and indicators are indicative of lazy eye:
Lazy eye risk factors include the following:
Your doctor will perform an eye exam, looking for any issues with your eyes' health, such as a wandering eye, visual differences between your eyes, or impaired vision in both of them. Eye Drops are typically used to widen the pupils. Vision blurring from the eyedrops may linger all day or for several hours.
Depending on your child's age and developmental stage, a vision test may be administered:
In early childhood, when the complex connections between the eye and the brain are developing, it is crucial to begin treatment for lazy eye. Although 50% of children between the ages of 7 and 17 respond to treatment, the best benefits come from beginning treatment before age 7.
The reason for a lazy eye and the severity to which it impairs your child's vision will determine the best course of action. Your medical professional may advise:
There are activity-based therapies available, including those that include drawing, solving puzzles, or playing video games. The effectiveness of integrating these activities in additional therapy is not supported by any data. Investigations for new therapies are ongoing.
Within a few weeks to months of receiving the proper treatment, the majority of young people with sluggish eyes see better. The duration of treatment might range from six months to two years.
The recurrence of lazy eye, which can occur in up to 25% of children with the syndrome, should be closely watched in your child. If the lazy eye returns, the treatment must be repeated.
If left untreated, a lazy eye might cause irreversible vision loss.
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