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Dislocated Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications

Oct 04, 2023

Dislocated Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications

A dislocated shoulder is an injury where the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder blade's cup-shaped socket. The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body, which increases the possibility of a dislocation.

Seek immediate medical assistance if you think your shoulder may be dislocated. Most patients recover complete shoulder function within a few weeks. The joint may be more prone to subsequent dislocations once a shoulder dislocates, though.

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Causes Of Dislocated Shoulder

In the body, the shoulder joint dislocates most frequently. Due to its several directions of motion, the shoulder can dislocate upward, downward, or both. Which would worsen the pain. Either a full or partial dislocation could occur.

The front of the shoulder dislocates most frequently. Shoulder ligaments can be strained or damaged, which frequently makes the dislocation worse. Ligaments are the fibrous tissue that connects the bones.

It takes a strong force, such a sudden blow to the shoulder, to dislocate the bones. If the shoulder joint is severely twisted, the upper arm bone's ball may pop out of the shoulder socket. When the upper arm bone is partially in and partially out of the shoulder socket, this is referred to as an incomplete dislocation.

A dislocated shoulder can result from a number of things.

  • A Sports Injury: In contact sports like football and hockey, the shoulder dislocation is a common injury. It is also typical in sports like volleyball, gymnastics, and downhill skiing which may entail falls.
  • Trauma Unrelated to sports: During a car collision, a severe impact to the shoulder may result in dislocation.
  • Falls: Shoulders can become dislocated if they land awkwardly following a fall, such as one from a ladder or one caused by tripping over a loose rug.

Symptoms Of Dislocated Shoulder

One of the warning symptoms of a dislocated shoulder is:

  • A shoulder that is visibly misplaced or deformed
  • Inflammation or bruising
  • Sharp pain
  • A joint that cannot be moved
  • Numbness, weakness, or tingling near the injury, such as in the neck or down the arm, are additional side effects of shoulder dislocation.There's a chance that the muscles in the shoulder would spasm, Causes

Risk Factors of Dislocated Shoulder

Anybody can dislocate their shoulder. However, dislocated shoulders most frequently affect adults in their teens and early 20s, particularly athletes who play contact sports.

Diagnosis Of Dislocated Shoulder

A medical professional looks for symptoms of nerve or blood vessel damage and feels the area for soreness, swelling, or deformity. An X-ray of the shoulder joint can demonstrate the dislocation and may also reveal broken bones or other shoulder joint injuries.

Treatment Of Dislocated Shoulder

Treatment For a dislocated shoulder, treatment possibilities include

  • A Closed Reduction: During this treatment, some light exercises could help realign the shoulder bones. Depending on how much pain and swelling there is, a muscle relaxant, sedative, or, very rarely, a general anaesthesia may be given before manipulating the shoulder bones. After the shoulder bones are repositioned, severe pain should begin to fade nearly immediately.
  • Surgery: Surgery may be able to strengthen weak shoulder joints or ligaments for those who continue to develop shoulder dislocations despite strengthening and rehabilitation. Sometimes, surgery is required to repair damaged blood vessels or nerves. Surgical intervention may reduce the risk of reinjury in young athletes.
  • Immobilisation: Following closed reduction, the shoulder can be prevented from moving for a few weeks by donning a specialised splint or sling.
  • Medication: While the shoulder heals, a painkiller or a muscle relaxant may make you more comfortable.
  • Rehabilitation: A rehabilitation program can aid in regaining the shoulder joint's range of motion, strength, and stability once the splint or sling is no longer required.
  • A relatively mild shoulder dislocation should become substantially worse over the course of a few weeks without causing serious nerve or tissue damage. One must regain strength and have a complete range of motion before returning to normal activities. If activity is started again too soon after a shoulder dislocation, the shoulder joint may suffer more damage.

Prevention Of Dislocated Shoulder

Shoulder dislocation can be prevented by:

  • Avoid falls and other accidents that could cause shoulder injury.
  • If you participate in contact sports, wear protective equipment.
  • Regular physical activity will help to keep your muscles and joints strong and flexible.
  • A shoulder joint that has dislocated can make it more likely for it to do so again in the future. Continue performing the stability and strength training activities suggested for the injury to help prevent a recurrence.

Complications Of Dislocated Shoulder

Complications from a dislocated shoulder include:

  • Tearing of the tendons, ligaments, and muscles that support the shoulder joint
  • Damage to the nerves or blood vessels near or in the vicinity of the shoulder joint
  • Become more prone to repeat dislocations, particularly if the injury is severe
  • Surgery may be necessary to treat nerve damage or blood vessel damage near the shoulder as well as stretched or torn ligaments or tendons in the shoulder.

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