Sep 22, 2023
A rare neurological disease known as microcephaly causes an infant's head to be significantly smaller than the heads of other infants of the same age and sex. Microcephaly frequently happens when there is a defect in brain development during pregnancy or when the brain stops developing after birth. It is occasionally discovered at birth.
Microcephaly has many genetic and environmental factors. Children with microcephaly usually have difficulty in development. Although there is no effective treatment for microcephaly. A child's development and quality of life may be improved with early intervention in speech, occupational, and other supporting therapy.
Microcephaly is typically caused by a problem with brain development, which can be congenital or appear during birth. Other potential factors include:
A child with microcephaly often has a smaller head than other children their age and sex.
We measure head size by the circumference of a child's head, which is roughly 24 inches. Healthcare practitioners use standardized growth charts to compare the measurements to the percentiles of other children's measurements.
Some children simply have heads that are smaller than typical for their age and gender, with measures that are below average. Children with microcephaly have considerably smaller heads than the average for their age and gender.
A child with more severe microcephaly may also have a sloping forehead.
Your doctor will likely perform a complete prenatal, birth, and family history check, as well as a physical examination, to determine if your child has microcephaly. Your doctor will measure your child's head circumference, plot the growth, and compare the results with a growth chart. To find out whether small heads run in the family, one can measure the heads of the parents.
A head CT scan or MRI as well as blood tests may be recommended by your doctor in some circumstances, especially if your child's development is being delayed, to help identify the underlying cause of the delay.
There is typically no treatment that will increase your child's head size or reverse the consequences of microcephaly, with the exception of surgery for craniosynostosis. The focus of treatment is on managing your child's condition. Your child's potential may be maximized through early childhood intervention programs that incorporate speech, physical, and occupational therapy.
If the child is experiencing seizures or excessive activity as a result of microcephaly, your doctor may advise taking medication.
When you find out your child has microcephaly, you can have concerns about subsequent pregnancies. Discover the reason for the microcephaly while discussing it with your healthcare provider. If the cause is genetic, you might want to discuss the possibility of microcephaly in future pregnancies with a genetic counselor.
Get access to all the essential resources required to ace your medical exam Preparation. Stay updated with the latest news and developments in the medical exam, improve your Medical Exam preparation, and turn your dreams into a reality!
The most popular search terms used by aspirants