Mar 6, 2023
Advantages of breast milk (BM) for the baby
Variation in composition of breast milk
WHO classification of malnutrition
Kwashiorkor vs Marasmus
Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)
Management of shock in children
Malnutrition is a significant public health issue, especially in developing countries like India. It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five. Therefore, doctors need to understand the mechanisms, types, and treatment of malnutrition.
Similarly, adequate nutrition is essential for the growth and development of children. Nutrition-related disorders like obesity, anemia, and vitamin deficiencies can have lifelong consequences. Understanding children's nutritional needs at different growth stages is important for preventing and managing these conditions.
This makes both nutrition and malnutrition important pediatrics topics for NEET PG preparations. In this blog we’ll discuss breast milk and breastfeeding, micronutrients, malnutrition, fluids and electrolytes.
Tech for PLAB
Weight for Height Height for age Edema Between – 2 to - 3 Z score or 70-79% expected Wasting Between – 2 to - 3 Z score or 85-89% expected Stunting Edematous <-3 Z score or <70% of expected Severe wasting <-3 Z score or <85% of expectedSevere stunting Kwashiorkor Marasmus Edema Present Absent Apathy Present Absent Appetite Poor Good CNS Apathy, Lethargy Active & Alert Hepatomegaly Seen Not seen Skin & hair changes More common (Skin: Flaky Paint Dermatosis)(Hair: Flag sign) Less common
Complications of SAM: SHIELDED
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