Feb 7, 2023
Current State of Mangroves
Also Read: Ammonia Pollution
|Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)
At the 27th session of Conference of Parties (COP27), the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) was launched with India as a partner. An initiative led by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Indonesia, the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) includes India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Japan, and Spain.
It seeks to educate and spread awareness worldwide on the role of mangroves in curbing global warming and its potential as a solution for climate change.
The inter-governmental alliance works on a voluntary basis which means that there are no real checks and balances to hold members accountable.
Instead, the parties will decide their own commitments and deadlines regarding planting and restoring mangroves. The members will also share expertise and support each other in researching, managing and protecting coastal areas.
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The Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes (MISHTI) scheme is a new programme that will facilitate mangrove plantation along India’s coastline and on salt pan lands. This new programme will aim at intensive afforestation of coastal mangrove forests.
The Sundarbans covers 10,000 km2 of land and water (more than half of it in India, the rest in Bangladesh) in the Ganges delta. It contains the world's largest area of mangrove forests.
Mangroves in India are distributed across nine States and three UTs with West Bengal having the highest mangrove cover of 2,114 sq km (42.45% of India's mangrove cover), followed by Gujarat 23.66% and A&N Islands 12.39%.
News Source: Indian Express
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