Mar 3, 2023
Members of a House are bound by the "whip," and the Supreme Court stated recently that if any MLAs within a political party that is a part of a ruling coalition say they do not want to go with the alliance, the MLAs will be disqualified.
What is a whip in a state assembly or parliament? (150 words, 10 marks)
Whips can be of varying degrees of seriousness. The importance of a whip can be inferred from the number of times an order is underlined, such as follows:
In the United Kingdom (UK), an MP can lose membership of the party for defying the whip, but can keep her/his House seat as an Independent.
In the United States (US), “the party whip’s role is to gauge how many legislators are in support of a Bill and how many are opposed to it and to the extent possible, persuade them to vote according to the party line on the issue”.
News Source: The Indian Express
In parliamentary parlance, a whip may refer to both a written order to members of a party in the House to abide by a certain direction, and to a designated official of the party who is authorized to issue such a direction.
A whip may require that party members be present in the House for an important vote, or that they vote only in a particular way.
In India, the term "whip" is derived from the old British practice of “whipping in” lawmakers to follow the party line. Parties appoint a senior member from among their House contingents to issue whips, this member is called a chief whip, and he/ she is assisted by additional whips.
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