Aug 07, 2023
The inherited or acquired skin condition ichthyosis vulgaris may develop when the skin does not exfoliate its dead skin cells. As a result, patches of dry, dead skin cells appear on the skin's surface. The disease is sometimes referred to as "fish scale disease" because the dead skin accumulates in a manner resembling fish scales.
Most occurrences are small and restricted to certain body areas. But in some cases, the back, arms, legs, abdomen, and other large parts of the body are severely affected.
Ichthyosis has more than 20 distinguishing characteristics, some of which co-occur with other syndromes or conditions. Doctors can identify the type of ichthyosis by looking for the:
Alteration to a gene.
Family tree analysis used to determine inheritance patterns.
Details about the symptoms, such as how severe they are and which organs they impact.
Amount of time since the onset of symptoms.
The following are some inherited forms of the illness that are not syndrome-related:
Like many other skin conditions, ichthyosis vulgaris is hereditarily transmitted. The sickness has an autosomal dominant pattern. This suggests that only one parent needs to carry the faulty gene for the child to inherit it. One of the most common inherited skin diseases is ichthyosis vulgaris.
Adults who don't have the defective gene can nonetheless get ichthyosis vulgaris in a small percentage of cases. Even though it's rare, this commonly coexists with other conditions including thyroid disease, cancer, or kidney failure. It might also be connected to using some prescription medications.
Ichthyosis vulgaris coexist with other skin disorders such as atopic dermatitis or keratosis pilaris. Atopic dermatitis, often known as severe eczema, results in skin rashes that are infamously extremely irritating.
The impacted skin may also be thick and coated in scales. The white or red skin bumps caused by keratosis pilaris often appear on the arms, thighs, or buttocks, despite the fact that they occasionally mimic acne. Another sign of this condition may be areas of rough skin
Among the symptoms and indicators of ichthyosis vulgaris are:
The symptoms of ichthyosis vulgaris frequently worsen in the wintertime when the air is colder and drier. The usual places for dry skin patches to appear are the elbows and lower legs. It usually shows up as large, black patches on the shins.
Ichthyosis vulgaris can appear at birth or progress over the first several years of a child's life. It typically disappears during early childhood. Some people may never experience symptoms again. However, some people might have a recurrence as adults.
Ichthyosis vulgaris is commonly misdiagnosed as normal dry skin because of how frequently it looks like that. If using moisturizer twice daily is ineffective, a dermatologist can identify ichthyosis vulgaris by inspecting the skin and separating it from other skin conditions.
Prior to visiting the doctor:
Ichthyosis vulgaris has no known treatment, however, individuals sometimes find comfort in the scaly, dry skin. Your physician might advise you to take the following actions:
The following are ichthyosis vulgaris complications:
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