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Earwax Blockage: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Oct 26, 2023

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What Are The Causes Of Accumulation Of Earwax?

What signs and symptoms are present with Earwax Blockage?

Risk Factors Of Earwax Blockage

Diagnosis

Treatment Of Earwax Blockage

Wash your ears properly

Home-based methods for removal of earwax

Wax Removal in the Clinic

Earwax Blockage: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Earwax blockage is known medically as "cerumen impaction." Cerumen, or earwax, is necessary for ears to be healthy. It keeps your ears clean and protects them from dirt, debris, and infections.

Although earwax has several advantages, an accumulation of excessive amounts of it might be harmful. Several problems, including ear pain, itching, ringing in the ears, and hearing loss, can be brought on by cerumen impaction.

 A physician or other healthcare provider can assist you in getting the removal of earwax if needed. An accumulation of wax in the ears can happen to everyone. 


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What Are The Causes Of Accumulation Of Earwax?

For whatever reason, some people naturally create more earwax than others, which leads to earwax buildup.

The impact of earwax may also occur if:

  • Ear wax is hard or dry.
  • Ears have excessive hairs.
  • Your ear canals are very narrow.
  • You frequently use hearing aids or earplugs.
  • You clean your ears with cotton swabs frequently

What signs and symptoms are present with Earwax Blockage?

Among the earwax symptoms that may be affected are:

  • A feeling of fullness in the ears.
  • Pain or discomfort in the ears.
  • Loss of hearing, which can worsen with time.
  • The ringing in your ears, known as tinnitus.
  • Itching in the ears
  • Odor or discharge coming from ears.
  • Dizziness.

Also Read: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications


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Risk Factors Of Earwax Blockage

A person is more likely to be affected by cerumen if they:

  • Put earbuds, earplugs, or hearing aids on.
  • Have thick ear hair.
  • Possess certain skin disorders, including eczema.
  • Are more than 55 years of age.
  • Have developmental disabilities
  • Have abnormalities of the ear canals that make it difficult for them to remove wax.

Diagnosis

Your doctor can examine the inner part of your ear to determine whether you have an earwax blockage. An otoscope, a specialized device that illuminates and magnifies the ear, is used by your healthcare practitioner to examine your inner ear.

Treatment Of Earwax Blockage

Both in-clinic and at-home treatments are available for impacted cerumen, such as:

  • Techniques to dissolve ear wax.
  • Irritating the ears.
  • Ear wax extraction done at the clinic
  • Consult your physician before beginning any new medicine.

Also Read: Nasal Fracture (Broken Nose): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications

Wash your ears properly

Using a washcloth, wipe the outside part of your ear. Try to completely dry your ears after taking a bath or a shower.

You should never put anything inside of your ear canal, not even cotton swabs. Cotton swabs can cause harm to your eardrum and increase the quantity of wax that forms in your ears. 

Home-based methods for removal of earwax

You can employ cerumenolytic solutions, also known as wax dissolvers, in your ear canal. These remedies consist of:

  • Saline solution.
  • Baby oil.
  • Glycerine
  • Mineral-based oil.
  • Hydrogen peroxide or ear drops containing peroxide.

Once you have applied a few drops of these solutions to the damaged ear, flip over and lie on your other side. This will allow the damaged ear to progressively take in the liquid. It is advised to utilize these oils with precaution. Follow the instructions on any over-the-counter earwax removal product you use.

The Technique of Ear Irrigation

Using an irrigator or syringe is an additional choice. This is rinsing your ear canal with water or saline solution using a syringe. Generally speaking, you should use a cerumenolytic solution to soften the wax first. Next, using a bulb syringe, you will gently irrigate your ear.

Also Read: Empty Nose Syndrome Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, & Diagnosis

Wax Removal in the Clinic

Finally, your healthcare provider can manually remove earwax using specific instruments. They could use a cerumen spoon, irrigation, suction, or forceps. Usually, these procedures are completed in just a couple of minutes.

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