Oct 24, 2023
A broken nose, also known as a nasal fracture, is caused by a break or crack in one of the nose's bones, most commonly the bone that crosses the bridge.
A broken nose is frequently caused by contact sports, falls, and car crashes that inflict facial injuries.
A nosebleed is a frequent side effect of a broken nose, and it can hurt. You can have bruises and edema under your eyes and around your nose. You can feel as though your nose is crooked, and breathing through it might be difficult.
Procedures that correct your nose may be part of your treatment for a broken nose. Usually, surgery is not required.
Common causes of a broken nose include:
The following signs and symptoms may indicate a broken nose:
Any action that increases your risk of face injury can result in a broken nose. These endeavors may consist of:
Your doctor might apply pressure on the tissues surrounding your nose and its outer margins. He or she may look within your nasal canal to look for blockages and other signs of broken bones.
You may be given numbing medication to make the examination easier on your nose.
Generally, imaging tests like X-rays are not required. On the other hand, a computerized tomography (CT) scan can be necessary if your injuries are so serious that a thorough physical examination is not possible, or if your doctor thinks you might have more injuries.
You might not require medical attention if your small fracture hasn't resulted in your nose becoming crooked or otherwise malformed. If you merely apply ice to the affected area and take over-the-counter painkillers, you might be okay.
Your doctor might be able to physically straighten your nose's bones and cartilage if the break has caused them to become misaligned. It is necessary to complete this within 14 days of the fracture, ideally earlier.
During this therapy, medications will be used to numb your nose. Healthcare professionals may use their fingers to gently press the nose back into position. To help straighten the fractured bones and cartilage, they might occasionally need to utilize specialized instruments.
Your nose may be splinted, with packing within and dressing outside. An internal splint may also be required for a brief period. The packing must typically be left in for a week if it is utilized. You could have the dressing on for two weeks or longer.
Antibiotics may also be prescribed to you to protect you from getting infected by bacteria that reside in your nose.
Surgery may be required for severe breaks, multiple breaks, or breaks that have not been treated for longer than 14 days. If necessary, surgery can straighten the bones and remodel your nose.
Your breathing may feel restricted if the break has harmed your nasal septum, which is the main portion of your nose that splits your nostrils. You can experience nasal congestion or feel as though your breathing is restricted. Reconstructive surgery may be recommended.
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By following these tips, you can lessen your risk of a nasal fracture:
The following injuries or problems could develop after a nose break:
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