Jul 18, 2023
Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immune reaction brought on by the protein gluten, which is found in wheat, barley, and rye.
If you have celiac disease, eating gluten triggers an immunological response in your small intestine. This reaction leads to malabsorption, or the inability to absorb some nutrients, and over time damages the lining of your small intestine.
The following side effects are frequently encountered and may progress into more significant issues like diarrhea, tiredness, weight loss, bloating, anemia, and other intestinal damage symptoms.
Malabsorption in children can affect growth and development in addition to the symptoms that are present in adults.
Although there is no known treatment for celiac disease, the majority of those who have it may manage their symptoms with a strict gluten-free diet.
Children and adults may exhibit different celiac disease symptoms, which can range widely.
Adults may experience the following digestive symptoms:
More than half of people with celiac disease, however, also experience signs and symptoms that are not related to the digestive tract, such as:
Among the digestive issues children with celiac disease are more prone than adults to have the following:
Inadequate nutrition absorption could lead to:
The exact etiology of celiac disease is unknown, however, it may be influenced by your genes, eating gluten-containing foods, and other factors. Practises used when feeding babies, gastrointestinal illnesses and gut flora may also be involved. Celiac disease can occasionally become active following surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infection, or significant mental stress.
The villi which are the fine, hair-like projections present in the the small intestine are damaged when the immune system of the body overreacts to gluten in the diet. The vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients in the food which are ingested are absorbed by the villus. Even if you consume a lot, you won't be able to obtain enough nutrients if your villi are damaged.
People who seem to be more susceptible to celiac disease are:
The majority of people suffering from celiac disease are unaware of their condition. It can be identified using two blood tests:
If any of the above test indicated that the person is suffering from celiac disease then the doctor will advice the following examinations:
Celiac disease can only be controlled by adhering to a strict, lifetime gluten-free diet. Gluten is present in a number of foods besides wheat, such as:
You can create a balanced gluten-free diet with the aid of a dietician who specializes in treating celiac disease. Even if you don't have any symptoms or indicators of gluten sensitivity, even tiny amounts of gluten in your diet might be harmful.
Foods, pharmaceuticals, and nonfood goods may contain concealed gluten, including:
Eliminating gluten from your diet will progressively lessen intestinal inflammation, improving your symptoms and allowing your body to recuperate. Compared to adults, kids usually recover more quickly.
supplements with vitamins and minerals
Your physician or nutritionist may advise taking supplements, such as:
Typically, vitamins and supplements are taken as pills. Your doctor may administer vitamins through injection if your digestive system has difficulties digesting them.
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