Oct 27, 2023
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disorder that can cause bleeding and bruises. A decrease in platelets, which are blood-clotting cells, is the most frequent cause of bleeding.
ITP, or immune thrombocytopenic purpura, is a condition that can cause purple bruises. Further, it may result in tiny reddish-purple skin lesions that resemble rashes.
After acquiring a virus, children can develop ITP. Without medical treatment, they typically heal on their own. Patients often experience months or years of disease.
An ITP patient may not require hospitalization if they are not bleeding and their platelet count is not extremely low. More severe symptoms can be managed with spleen removal surgery or medications that raise platelet counts.
Immunological thrombocytopenia is typically the outcome of immune system malfunctions. It targets and kills the platelets, which are blood-clotting cells.
Adults with ITP may have an infection with the H. pylori bacteria, which causes stomach ulcers, hepatitis, or HIV. The majority of children who get ITP do so as a result of catching a virus, such as the mumps or the flu.
Immunoglobulin thrombocytopenia may manifest as asymptomatic. When symptoms do appear, they may include the following:
ITP is more common in young girls. Individuals who suffer from lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, two ailments in which the immune system attacks healthy tissues, appear to be more vulnerable.
An immune thrombocytopenia diagnosis is made when a doctor has ruled out other potential reasons for bleeding and low platelet counts.
A single test cannot confirm the diagnosis. The levels of platelets can be tracked by blood testing. In adults, a bone marrow biopsy may be required to rule out other disorders.
|Proctitis: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications||Foot Drop: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment||Xerostomia (Dry Mouth): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications|
|Ramsay Hunt Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications||Orchitis: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications||The Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) Syndrome|
|Lactose Intolerance: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment||Gallbladder Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment||Urinary Bladder Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention|
Routine platelet counts may be sufficient for individuals with mild immune thrombocytopenia. Children typically recover on their own. Most ITP patients will eventually require medical care. Since the condition frequently worsens or persists for a long time, it is known as chronic.
Splenectomy, or removing the spleen, and platelet-boosting drugs are available forms of treatment. A healthcare professional may discuss the benefits and drawbacks of certain treatment options. Some patients feel that their condition is not as bad as the side effects of their treatment.
Ensure that your doctor is aware of all over-the-counter medications and supplements you take. Anything that could exacerbate the bleeding may need to be stopped. ginkgo biloba, aspirin, and ibuprofen are few examples.
Medications for ITP treatment include:
The next step may be spleen removal surgery if medication is not successful in improving ITP. When working properly, this procedure boosts platelet counts and stops platelet assaults fast.
However, not all splenectomy operations are successful. Furthermore, the absence of the spleen raises the risk of infection.
ITP rarely results in substantial bleeding. Emergency care typically includes receiving a transfusion, or blood with a high platelet count. Additionally helpful may be immunoglobulin and steroids administered via vein stapling.
Cerebral hemorrhage due to immune thrombocytopenia is rarely common. This might be deadly.
Pregnant women who are bleeding or have low platelet counts are more likely to experience significant bleeding during delivery. To maintain a stable platelet count, a doctor may recommend certain treatments.
Often, ITP has no impact on the developing fetus. But as soon as the baby is born, the platelet count needs to be checked.
To scale up your NEET PG exam preparation with the best-in-class video lectures, QBank, Mock Tests and more, download the PrepLadder App!
Download PrepLadder's NEET PG app for Android
Download PrepLadder's NEET PG app for iOS
Get access to all the essential resources required to ace your medical exam Preparation. Stay updated with the latest news and developments in the medical exam, improve your Medical Exam preparation, and turn your dreams into a reality!
The most popular search terms used by aspirants