Sep 19, 2023
Uncontrollable urges to move the legs are a defining feature of restless legs syndrome (RLS), which commonly results from an uneasy feeling. You can be seated or lying down when it occurs, and it typically occurs in the evening or late at night. Movement of the legs may temporarily decrease the ache.
Willis-Ekbom disease, often known as restless legs syndrome, can start at any age and typically gets worse as you age. This could have an impact on everyday activities.
The reasons for RLS are frequently unknown. Researchers believe that an imbalance in the brain chemical dopamine, which transmits signals that regulate muscular movement, maybe the cause of the condition.
If it appears before the age of 40, hereditary RLS may run in families. Research suggests that specific chromosomal regions may have RLS genes.
Pregnancy or hormonal changes may temporarily make RLS symptoms worse. Some pregnant women may get their first case of RLS, especially in the third trimester. However, symptoms usually disappear following delivery.
The primary symptom is an urge to move one's legs. Simple self-care techniques and lifestyle adjustments may help symptoms disappear. Many RLS patients can benefit from medication. The following are typical RLS comorbidities:
RLS symptoms are frequently described as prickly, uncomfortable sensations in the legs or feet. Usually, they affect both sides of the body. Less frequently, the symptoms afflict the arms.
The sensations, which typically take place inside the limb instead of on the skin, are defined as:
It can be challenging to explain certain sensations. RLS sufferers typically do not characterise the disorder as a muscle cramp or numbness. a desire to move the legs is, however, regularly mentioned.
The degree of symptoms can change over time. Sometimes, symptoms go away for a while before returning.
RLS can start to manifest at any age, even when a toddler. With advancing age, the disorder becomes more prevalent, and women are more likely than males to have it.
RLS frequently has no connection to a significant underlying medical condition. However, other conditions like:
Your healthcare professional will ask you to describe your symptoms and collect a medical history. The International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group set the following criteria for diagnosing RLS:
RLS symptoms can occasionally be significantly reduced by treating an underlying illness, such as iron insufficiency. Receiving oral or intravenous iron supplements can help treat an iron deficit. However, only take iron supplements under medical supervision and after your provider has examined your blood's amount of iron.
Treatment for RLS is not accompanied by another condition and it focuses on changing your way of living. Your doctor might suggest drugs if they are ineffective.
There are a number of prescription drugs that can be used to reduce leg restlessness, the majority of which were developed to treat different disorders. These include
Finding the appropriate drug or pharmaceutical combination for you may need multiple trials on your part and that of your healthcare practitioner.
RLS symptoms can range from slightly annoying to incapacitating, even when they don't cause other major diseases. Many RLS sufferers have trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep.
Severe RLS can significantly lower life quality and increase the risk of depression. RLS may prevent naps, while insomnia may cause excessive daytime sleepiness.
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