Apr 6, 2023
Dengue Shock Syndrome
Diagnosis of Dengue
Treatment of Dengue
Vector Control of Dengue
As a medical professional in India, you must be an expert in the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management and treatment of Dengue. Dengue is a viral infection that spreads from mosquitoes to people and is a common occurrence in tropical and subtropical climates. The most common symptoms are high fever, headache, body aches, nausea and rash.
Read this blog post carefully about Dengue Hemorrhagic Syndrome Symptoms, Causes and Treatment till the end if you want to elevate your microbiology preparation for NEET PG exam.
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that affects tropical and subtropical regions of the world. A high temperature and flu-like symptoms are brought on by mild dengue fever. The severe variety of dengue fever, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, can result in severe bleeding, a sharp drop in blood pressure (shock), and even death.
Each year, dengue infections affect millions of people globally. Southeast Asia, the islands of the western Pacific, Latin America, and Africa are where dengue fever is most prevalent. Localised occurrences of the illness have been reported in Europe and the southern United States, among other new locations.
Humidity - 60 to 80%
A dengue infection frequently goes undetected in many people.
When symptoms do appear, they frequently start four to ten days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and can be confused for other ailments, like the flu. The symptoms of dengue include:
In a severe case of dengue, blood vessels may leak fluid into body, resulting in symptoms including breathing difficulties, low blood pressure, and abdominal pain. Additionally, it could cause bleeding, liver damage, confusion, and cardiac problem. This condition is known as Dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever. In this condition we can find the following findings:
Dengue fever can be challenging to diagnose since its signs and symptoms are similar to those of other illnesses such chikungunya, the Zika virus, malaria, and typhoid fever.
Your medical and travel histories will probably be questioned by your doctor. Include all pertinent information about your international travels, such as the dates and locations you visited as well as any possible mosquito encounters.
Additionally, your doctor might take a blood sample to be examined in a lab for signs of a dengue virus infection.
Within 1to 5 days the NS antigen test is done whereas if it is more than 5 days then we go for IgM ELISA.
There are no specialised dengue antiviral medications. Supportive care recommendations include telling patients to drink plenty of water and steer clear of aspirin, aspirin-containing medications, and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (like ibuprofen) due to their anticoagulant qualities. Whereas we can provide patient treatment according to symptoms:
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Dengue can be prevented by taking few of the methods mentioned below:
Integrated vector management
1st dengue vaccine - Dengvaxia (CYD-TDV. It is for Age group of 9-45 years. It is Not used in India on a routine basis.
And that is everything you need to know about Dengue for your Microbiology preparation. For more interesting and informative blog posts like this, download the PrepLadder App and keep following our blog.
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