Ultimate NEET-PG Exam Study Material

Proven Effective Content with 96% Strike Rate

Trichomycosis: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Jan 24, 2024

Navigate Quickly

Causes Of Trichomycosis

Symptoms Of Trichomycosis

Risk Factors Of Trichomycosis

Diagnosis Of Trichomycosis

Wood's lamp examination

Microscopic examination

Treatment Of  Trichomycosis


Good personal hygiene

Prevention Of Trichomycosis

Trichomycosis Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Trichomycosis is a common bacterial disease that affects the skin and hair. It's often disregarded because it doesn't hurt and doesn't show any obvious signs. This type of skin problem is most likely to begin under your armpit. 

Nevertheless, it can flare up on the scalp, genitalia, or any other area of the body where hair grows. You most likely won't notice it until you smell it. You may also begin to scrape or feel uncomfortable in the afflicted area. 

The health of an individual is not much in danger from trichomycosis. However, to prevent any unfavorable outcomes or ongoing discomfort, you should move to address it. 

Trichomycosis causes individual hairs to be covered in white, yellow, or, in more extreme situations, crimson or black substance. This can also change the texture of the affected hairs.‌ The substance produces a coating with a waxy texture. It is made up of microorganisms that stick to every hair and cover it completely from the base up.‌

If you notice any unusual smells, color changes, or textured hair follicles in the area, get medical attention.

PrepLadder 6.0

Causes Of Trichomycosis

When Corynebacterium multiplies, an area becomes infected with trichomycosis. Once these bacteria have embedded themselves in the hair shafts, they can be hard to remove and may spread to other persons.

Trichomycosis is usually not transmissible. However, experts have documented cases of the virus spreading by close contact in crowded environments, such as among sportsmen.

Occasionally, the infection may spread to multiple bodily parts at once. It is essential to begin therapy early to stop symptoms from getting worse or becoming uncomfortable. While trichomycosis can afflict anyone, warm, humid environments are the most frequent worldwide for infection.

Other risk factors that could affect the infection include excessive sweating beneath the arms, not shaving the area, and poor hygiene. Though this may be because women are more likely to shave their underarms, men appear to contract trichomycosis more commonly than women.

Also Read: Bedbugs: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Symptoms Of Trichomycosis

Most of the time, trichomycosis has no symptoms and is frequently undetected. Below are mentioned some of the symptoms one should be aware of:

  • Sweaty, pungent underarms
  • Flashes of red, yellow, or black
  • Sweat stains on clothing small yellow, red, or black nodules on the hair shaft development of thick underarm hair loss from damaged hair shafts and an excess of germs

This disease is not spreading. But you should see a doctor as soon as you start exhibiting symptoms. Trichomycosis may impact more than one place at the same time. 

Also Read: Legionnaires: Causes, Symptoms, Transmission, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications

Risk Factors Of Trichomycosis

This bacterial disease affects everyone, irrespective of age, gender, or ethnicity. However, women are less likely to get an infection beneath their arms since they usually shave there.

Additional risk factors for trichomycosis include the following:

  • Humidity
  • Overeating 
  • Crowded environment
  • Inadequate hygiene
  • Obesity

Also Read: Staphylococcus Aureus: Transmission, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis Of Trichomycosis

Your doctor will do a physical examination to make a diagnosis. Throughout the inspection, they will look at your hair and any nodules on the hair shaft.

Two more methods differentiate between trichomycosis and lice: the Wood's light exam and microscopy.

Wood's lamp examination

Your physician could use a portable wood lamp to examine the affected area. This lamp uses a dark light to display microorganisms glowing in a distinct hue. This procedure can help differentiate between different bacterial infections and aid in the diagnosis of trichomycosis.

Microscopic examination

A microscopic exam is the process of looking at tissue or other material samples under a microscope. Your doctor will look for anomalies such as yeast or foreign microorganisms.

Also Read: Giardiasis: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Complications

Treatment Of  Trichomycosis

Trichomycosis has treatments. The illness can go away in a few weeks if it is adequately treated and hygiene is upheld. The affected area of hair should be shaved before utilizing any kind of treatment.


Doctors who diagnose trichomycosis may also prescribe topical medications. Your doctor may prescribe erythromycin lotion or clindamycin. Apply these lotions twice daily to the affected region for a maximum of two weeks.

You may also be given lotion or gel containing benzoyl peroxide. Your skin may become irritated by these products.

If the topical antibiotics don't work, your doctor can suggest taking an erythromycin tablet. You should take these vitamins daily for no more than two weeks.

Consult your physician about placing an order for additional testing and exploring alternative treatment options if your symptoms do not go away.

Good personal hygiene

Keeping the affected regions clean can aid in the removal of bacteria. Among them are:

  • Use talc-free drying powders like Gold Bond or baby powder to help reduce moisture. 
  • Wash the area with soap and water every day. 
  • Use antiperspirant to reduce perspiration and bacterial growth.
  • After wearing your items, give them a thorough wash and drying.

Also Read: Group A Streptococcal Infections : Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Prevention Of Trichomycosis

If you practice good hygiene and maintain clean, dry underarms, you should be able to prevent the recurrence of your trichomycosis. To lessen extra moisture and the growth of bacteria, use antiperspirant every day and right after washing. Another way to get rid of bacteria is to use antibacterial soap.

To scale up your NEET PG exam preparation with the best-in-class video lectures, QBank, Mock Tests and more, download the PrepLadder App!

Download PrepLadder's NEET PG preparation app for Android

Download PrepLadder's NEET PG preparation app for iOS

Rapid Revision 5.0

Auther Details

PrepLadder Medical

Get access to all the essential resources required to ace your medical exam Preparation. Stay updated with the latest news and developments in the medical exam, improve your Medical Exam preparation, and turn your dreams into a reality!

Top searching words

The most popular search terms used by aspirants

  • NEET PG Microbiology
  • Microbiology NEET PG important Topics