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Eye Strain: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

Jan 4, 2024

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Causes Of Eye strain

Symptoms Of Eye strain

Risk Factors Of Eye Strain

Diagnosis Of Eye strain

Treatment Of Eye Strain

Complications Of Eye Strain

Eye Strain: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

"Eye strain" is a common condition caused by extended durations of intense usage of your eyes such as when driving a long distance or focusing on screens from computers and other electronic devices.

Eye strain can be uncomfortable. However, eye irritation normally goes away and is not a serious problem once you rest your eyes or take other steps to decrease it. The symptoms of eye strain may indicate a medically necessary underlying eye illness.

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Causes Of Eye strain

Common causes of eyestrain consist of:

  • Looking at digital device screens
  • Short-term driving and other sustained-concentration tasks
  • Exposure to glare or direct sunlight
  • Squinting in very low light
  • Refractive error, is an underlying condition of the eyes that can include dry eyes or uncorrected vision
  • Feeling agitated or exhausted; contact with dry, flowing air from a heating, cooling, or fan system

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Symptoms Of Eye strain

Eye strain symptoms include:

  • Eyes that are dry, tired, irritated, or burnt
  • Either moist or dry eyes
  • Hazy or double-vision
  • Headache soreness in the shoulders, back, or neck increased sensitivity to light, or photophobia
  • Difficulty focusing and feeling as though you can't stay awake

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Risk Factors Of Eye Strain

Risk factors for eye strain consist of the following:

  • A lot of time is spent in front of a screen or computer.
  • Dry eyes should not be used for tasks requiring extended eye focus.
  • Experiencing problems with your eyes' muscles.
  • Long-distance travel, especially when the air or wind is blowing directly into your eyes.

Also Read: Fuchs' Dystrophy: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis Of Eye strain

Usually, eye strain resolves on its own. In some cases, you are not obliged to visit a healthcare provider. The majority of the time, little lifestyle changes and awareness of the activities that aggravate your eyes can help reduce momentary eye strain.

However, if your eye strain is severe or continuous, you should make an appointment with a medical specialist to rule out any more serious conditions.

An eye care doctor or medical practitioner can diagnose eye strain in their clinic. While they are there, they will discuss the following topics:

  • What symptoms and indications you are facing?
  • When the symptoms initially became apparent to you.
  • As soon as the symptoms appear.
  • What kinds of things you could be engaged in when symptoms appear?

Your provider may also do a physical examination to look for signs of muscle imbalance, uncorrected refractive abnormalities, and other issues with the eye itself. Refractive faults include nearsightedness (myopia) and farsightedness (hyperopia).

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Treatment Of Eye Strain

Changing your lifestyle can help relieve eye strain most of the time. These could entail using spectacles or contact lenses for specific types of activities. Taking breaks from writing, reading, and driving can also help reduce eye strain.

The 20-20-20 rule is the main advice for reducing digital eye strain. This rule states that you should look at anything 20 feet away from you for 20 seconds every 20 minutes.

Extra guidance on managing and  treating eye strain is as follows:

  • Using droplets of ocular lubrication.
  • Adjust the lighting to suit your current task.
  • Putting in a humidifier.
  • Stop smoking

Also Read: Blindness: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Complications Of Eye Strain

Eye strain can be annoying, even though it sometimes goes beyond being a nuisance. However, one consideration about digital eye strain is the problem of blue light and its effects on the eyes.

The majority of the blue light you see comes from the sun. The color spectrum of visible light from the sun is as follows: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. The blue end of the spectrum has longer wavelengths and more energy than the red end.

The growth of the eyes, normal vision, and overall health depend on blue light. Additionally, lightbulbs and digital equipment can provide it. A lack of sunshine may be the reason behind the current increase in nearsightedness, according to several research.

Some experts claim that extended exposure to blue light can potentially cause damage to your retina. The effects of blue light on eye health will continue to be studied by researchers.

Also Read: Retinitis Pigmentosa: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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