Oct 18, 2023
The Bartholin's glands are situated on either side of the vaginal entrance. These glands secrete a lubricant that benefits the vagina.
It is possible for the apertures of these glands to periodically become clogged, which results in a buildup of fluid inside the gland. A Bartholin's cyst, a swelling that is normally painless, is the outcome. If the cyst's fluid becomes infected, an abscess (a collection of pus surrounded by inflammatory tissue) could emerge.
Cysts and abscesses are typical with Bartholin. How a Bartholin's cyst is managed depends on the degree of its pain, its size, and its level of infection.
At-home care alone is sometimes required. In other cases, it is required to surgically drain a Bartholin's cyst. Infections can sometimes be treated with antibiotics if they do occur.
A fluid backup is thought to be the main factor causing a Bartholin's cyst. Whether due to disease or an accident, fluid may build up when the gland's (duct's) opening is blocked.
An abscess can develop from a Bartholin's cyst that is infected. Escherichia coli (E. coli), bacteria that cause gonorrhoea and chlamydia, which are sexually transmitted infections, are only a few of the bacteria that may be responsible for the infection.
You might not be able to see a small, uninfected Bartholin's cyst. You can detect a lump or mass close to your vaginal opening if the cyst expands. Cysts are often not dangerous, however, can may cause discomfort.
A Bartholin's cyst infection can become completely developed in just a few days. Once the cyst is infected, you could experience:
Your physician might be able to identify a Bartholin's cyst by:
A Bartholin's cyst frequently doesn't need to be treated, especially if it shows no symptoms or warning signals. If treatment is required, it will depend on the size of the cyst, how bothersome it is for you, and whether it is infected, which could lead to an abscess.
One of the following therapies may be suggested by your doctor:
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A Bartholin cyst cannot be stopped from developing. However, safer sexual behaviours, such as the use of condoms, and proper hygiene practices may help prevent cyst infection and the development of an abscess.
A Bartholin's cyst or abscess may come back and require more medical attention.
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