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Functional Dyspepsia: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Jan 10, 2024

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Causes Of Functional Dyspepsia

Symptoms Of Functional Dyspepsia

Risk Factors Of Functional Dyspepsia

Diagnosis Of Functional Dyspepsia

Treatment Of Functional Dyspepsia


Functional Dyspepsia Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

"Functional dyspepsia"  is a term for symptoms of recurrent stomach discomfort that have no apparent reason. Functional dyspepsia is another term for non-ulcer dyspepsia.

Functional dyspepsia is a common condition. The sickness is persistent, but symptoms don't usually show up. The symptoms resemble those of an ulcer. These include bloating, belching, nausea, and discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen.

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Causes Of Functional Dyspepsia

It is uncertain what causes functional dyspepsia. It is categorised as a functional condition by medical experts. This indicates that no medical condition can explain it, therefore routine testing might not identify any problems or reasons. As such, the diagnosis is based on the patient's symptoms.

Symptoms Of Functional Dyspepsia

Symptoms of functional dyspepsia may include:

  • Feel nauseous or bloated after eating, burp a lot
  • Have burning or pain in your stomach.
  • A rapid onset of fullness following a meal. Satiety is another term for the feeling of being full.
  • Stomach ache that goes away after eating or that occurs on its own without food.

Also Read: Scrotal Masses: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

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Risk Factors Of Functional Dyspepsia

Certain factors may increase the likelihood of functional dyspepsia. Among them are:

  • Smoking
  • Anxiety or depression.
  • Being a female.
  • Utilising a few OTC pain relievers. They include aspirin and ibuprofen, which may cause gastrointestinal problems.
  • History of childhood sexual or physical abuse.
  • Helicobacter pylori infection.

Also Read: Morton's Neuroma: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis Of Functional Dyspepsia

Your doctor will probably perform a physical examination and discuss your symptoms with you. Many tests can help rule out other disorders and identify the cause of your pain. These could include:

  • Blood tests: Blood testing is a useful tool for ruling out other medical disorders that may be the source of symptoms that resemble those of functional dyspepsia.
  • Investigations for microbes: One kind of bacteria is Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori. H. pylori may be the cause of stomach problems. Samples of stomach tissue taken during an endoscopy, breath, or faeces may be tested for H. pylori.
  • Endoscopy: The patient gets a special tube placed down their neck, into their stomach, upper part of their small intestine, and oesophagus. The tube has a light and a camera lens. This tube is known as an endoscopy. This makes it possible for the doctor to take tissue samples to investigate infection or inflammation.

You can occasionally have further testing done to see how well your stomach emptys.

Also Read: Bladder Exstrophy: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

Treatment Of Functional Dyspepsia

In cases where lifestyle adjustments prove insufficient in managing functional dyspepsia, medical intervention may be required. The course of treatment for you will depend on your symptoms. It could involve both behavioural therapy and medicines.


The symptoms of functional dyspepsia may be managed with the use of several drugs. Among them are:

  • Over-the-counter gas remedies: One medication that may provide some help is called simethicone, which decreases intestinal gas. Two examples of drugs that treat gas are Gas-X and Mylanta.
  • Medications that decrease acid production: These medications are commonly available and are referred to as H-2-receptor blockers. They are cimetidine, famotidine, and nizatidine. Stronger versions of these drugs are also accessible with prescriptions.
  • Medications that stop acid from "pumps": An inhibitor of the proton pump blocks the "pumps" that secrete acid from stomach cells. Accessible are the proton pump inhibitors lansoprazole, esomeprazole, and omeprazole. Moreover, a prescription is required to obtain proton pump inhibitors.
  • Antimicrobials: Your doctor may also recommend antibiotics if testing shows that you have H. pylori in your stomach in addition to acid-suppressing medicines.
  • Small doses of antidepressants: Your doctor may prescribe tiny doses of tricyclic and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants. These drugs may inhibit the firing of the neurons responsible for controlling stomach discomfort.
  • Prokinetics: These drugs help your stomach empty more quickly by tightening the valve that divides your stomach and oesophagus. The upper abdomen feels less painful as a result.
  • Drugs that reduce nausea: These drugs are what we call anti-emetics. If you get nausea after eating, antiemetics might be useful. Among them are prochlorperazine, meclizine, and promethazine.

Visiting a therapist or counsellor may help with symptoms when medicine isn't working. To help you manage your symptoms, a therapist or counsellor might teach you relaxation techniques. Additionally, you could learn stress-reduction strategies to help with symptom management.

Also Read: Adrenal Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

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