Nov 09, 2023
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly spreading, fatal bacterial infection. "Necrotizing" is the term used to characterize an act that causes another entity to die. The subcutaneous fascia, which lies beneath the skin, maintains everything in place, including blood vessels and fat, while covering muscles and nerves. This tissue's inflammation is referred to as "fasciitis".
Necrotizing fasciitis is one kind of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI). Another name for necrotizing fasciitis (or any NSTI) is the "flesh-eating disease." Two more NSTIs are necrotizing cellulitis and necrotizing myositis.
There are two types of necrotizing fasciitis: polymicrobial (also called Type I) and monomicrobial (sometimes called Type II).
A mix of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria causes a condition called polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis. Monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus or group A Streptococcus.
Although damage that does not break the skin can also result in necrotizing fasciitis, the most common cause is bacteria that enter your body through a skin injury.
Potential points of entrance for bacteria on the skin:
Some early symptoms of this sickness, which resemble the flu, are as follows:
Necrotizing fasciitis advances rapidly. Other signs and symptoms include:
Given how quickly necrotizing fasciitis spreads, you must see a doctor as soon as you experience any symptoms.
In certain people, necrotizing fasciitis is more prevalent. This person possesses:
If your doctor believes you have a flesh-eating disease, they may recommend the following diagnostic procedures:
Your doctor will make a surgical diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis. Not only will they evaluate your skin and tissues, but they will also perform surgery (called debriding) to remove dead tissue.
The treatment of necrotizing fasciitis requires quick action. You will require exploratory surgery to confirm the diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis. Moreover, dead tissue needs to be surgically removed. It might take multiple steps to get rid of all the dead tissue and manage the infection. Usually, three steps are needed to guarantee the illness is completely eradicated. Furthermore, it is plausible that your physician may suggest intravenous (IV) fluids and antibiotics. You may need skin grafts or plastic surgery to help the wounds heal completely after surgery.
Currently, no vaccine can stop necrotizing fasciitis. To reduce the risk of getting bacterial skin infections, such as necrotizing fasciitis:
You should consult your doctor if:
Also Read: Wound Healing, Tissue Repair & Scar
Necrotizing fasciitis can have several extremely harmful side effects. They might include:
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