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Lipids: Classification, Pufas, Lipoproteins, Ketone Body Synthesis & Utilization

Apr 25, 2023

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Basics

Classification of Lipids

Simple Lipids

Phospholipid (PL)

Cardiolipin

Phospholipids Types

Glycolipids

Types

PUFAs

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) means FAs having ≥ 2 double bonds

Categories of PUFAs

Lipid Transport

Lipoproteins

Lipids present in Lipoproteins

Arrangement of lipids in Lipoprotein

Composition of various lipoproteins

High Density Lipoproteins (HDL)

Functions

How HDL adds Fatty acid

Lipoprotein lipase

Ligands on lipoproteins for uptake by liver

Hyperlipoproteinemia (Fredrickson classification)

Fatty Acid Synthesis

FA synthase complex

CITRATE SHUTTLE

Ketone Body Synthesis And Ketone Body Utilisation

Similarities

Differences

Previous Year’s Question

Q. Active metabolite form in synthesis of fatty acid is? (AIIMS Nov 2017)

Q. Major product of fatty acid synthesis is? (AIIMS Nov 2017)

Q. Which of the following is an essential fatty acid? (FMGE JUNE 2018)

Q. Type I hyperlipoproteinemia is characterized by? (NEET Jan 2019)

Q. Ketone bodies are not utilized by? (JIPMER May 2019)

Q. A patient has multiple tendon xanthomas. Serum cholesterol (398 mg/dl) & LDL (220 mg/dl) were found to be raised. Statins were given to this patient. What is the diagnosis? (NEET Sep 2021)

Q. Eicosanoids are formed from? (INICET May 2022)

LIPIDS: CLASSIFICATION, PUFAS, LIPOPROTEINS, KETONE BODY SYNTHESIS & UTILIZATION
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