Oct 16, 2023
Managing bacterial orchitis
Virulent orchitis treatment
Orchitis is an inflammation of either one or both testicles. Orchitis may develop as a result of bacterial, viral, or unknown causes. Ovarian orchitis is most frequently brought on by bacterial infections, such as STIs. The mumps virus can infrequently cause orchitis.
Bacterial orchitis and epididymitis, an inflammation of the sperm-transporting and storing coiled tube (epididymis) at the back of the testicle, may coexist. This condition is known as epididymo-orchitis.
In addition to hurting, orchitis may affect fertility. Medication can treat some of the signs and symptoms of viral orchitis as well as the underlying causes of bacterial orchitis. However, scrotal soreness could not go away for a few weeks.
Orchitis can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection. On rare occasions, the cause of orchitis is unknown.
Epididymitis frequently causes or contributes to bacterial orchitis. The most common cause of epididymitis is an infection of the urethra or bladder that spreads to the epididymis.
The infection is typically the result of an STI. Other causes of infection include being born with anomalies in your urinary tract or having a catheter or other medical device inserted into your penis.
The mumps virus frequently causes viral orchitis. Nearly one-third of boys who contract the mumps after puberty experience orchitis, which typically manifests four to seven days after the mumps start.
Orchitis can present with the symptoms listed below:
Risk elements for non-sexually transmitted orchitis include:
If you engage in sexual actions that can result in STIs, you are at risk for sexually transmitted orchitis. These actions include:
After examining your medical history, your doctor will likely undertake a physical examination to check for enlarged testicles on the affected side and lymph nodes in your groin. Your physician might also conduct a rectal exam to check for prostate pain or enlargement.
Your doctor might recommend:
The underlying cause of orchitis will determine the treatment plan.
Antibiotics must be taken in order to treat either bacterial or epididymo-bacterial orchitis. If the bacterial sickness was brought on by a STI, your sexual partner also needs therapy.
Finish the entire course of antibiotics your doctor prescribed even if your symptoms disappear sooner to ensure the infection has been completely eradicated.
The ache might not go away for several weeks. Rest, an athletic strap to support the scrotum, ice packs, and medicines can all help to reduce pain.
Symptom reduction is the aim of treatment. Your doctor might recommend:
Most people with viral orchitis start feeling better in three to ten days, though the scrotal discomfort may take many weeks to go away.
Complications of orchitis include the following:
Get vaccinated against the mumps to prevent the most common viral orchitis cause.
Practice safe sexual behavior to guard against STIs that might cause bacterial orchitis.
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