Jun 30, 2023
The tiny parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, which has only one cell, is what causes trichomoniasis. The parasite transmits among people by genital contact, such as vaginal, oral, or anal sex. The virus can be acquired by both men and women.
The parasite causes an infection of the lower genital tract. The vulva, the vagina, the cervix, the urethra, and the external female genitalia are all included in this. In males, the parasite infects the urethra (the interior of the penis).
It is uncertain how long the incubation period will last between exposure to the parasite and infection. But the predicted time frame is between 4 and 28 days. Even if you don't have any symptoms, you or your partner can still transmit the virus.
Read this blog further to get a quick overview of this important topic Trichomoniasis and its Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Complications, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention for OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY to ace your NEET PG exam preparation.
Trichomoniasis typically has no symptoms or indicators in its victims. However, signs could gradually appear. Men and women acquire indications and symptoms at various times.
Trichomonas indications and symptoms in females include:
Trichomonas rarely manifests symptoms in men. However, when males do exhibit signs and symptoms, they may include:
The following conditions increase your risk of contracting trichomoniasis:
Trichomoniasis-infected pregnant women can suffer from::
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An examination of the genitalia and laboratory testing may be used by your doctor to determine whether you have trichomoniasis.
Additionally, the doctor might use a microscope to examine a sample of vaginal fluid in the case of women or a swab from the penis (urethra) in the case of males. No more tests are required if the parasite can be seen under a microscope.
If the test doesn't reveal the parasite but the doctor suspects you may have trichomoniasis, other tests may be performed.
A penis urethral swab, a vaginal fluid sample, or occasionally urine may be requested by a healthcare professional. A fast antigen test and a test for amplification of nucleic acids are among the tests.
Your healthcare practitioner might conduct tests for additional STIs if you have trichomoniasis.
It is necessary to use an oral antibiotic for trichomoniasis treatment that works well against parasite-related infections. Even while pregnant, treatment is possible. Potential choices include:
Treatment is required for each sex partner simultaneously. This stops the virus from spreading (reinfection). And until the treatment is finished and the symptoms have subsided, you must refrain from having sexual relations.
Severe nausea and vomiting can result from drinking alcohol during therapy and for a few days after. After using metronidazole, secnidazole, or tinidazole, refrain from drinking alcohol for 24 hours, 48 hours, or 72 hours, respectively.
Following therapy, your doctor will normally do another trichomoniasis test on you. A follow-up test two to three months following therapy can verify that the virus has been eradicated. Even after receiving treatment to cure trichomoniasis, you still run the risk of contracting it again if you come into contact with an infected person.
By staying away from vaginal sex, you can completely avoid trich. Additional measures you can take to lessen your risk include:
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