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Uterus Didelphys(Double Uterus): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

Oct 05, 2023

Uterus Didelphys(Double Uterus): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

A rare disorder known as a double uterus affects some women from birth. The uterus first develops as two tiny tubes in a female fetus. The tubes usually connect to form a single, bigger, hollow organ as the fetus develops. The uterus is that organ.

The tubes sometimes don't completely join. Each one instead matures into a distinct organ. One entrance into a vagina may exist in a twin uterus. The cervix refers to this aperture. Occasionally, every uterus has a separate cervix. A tissue wall that runs the entire length of the vagina is frequently present as well. With two distinct openings, this divides the vagina in half.

Double-uterine mothers often have successful pregnancies. However, the disease may increase your risk of miscarriage or early birth.

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Causes Of Uterus Didelphys

The specific cause of some fetuses developing a second uterus is unknown to medical professionals. It's possible that genetics will come into play. This is due to the fact that this uncommon illness occasionally runs in families.

Symptoms Of Uterus Didelphys

A double uterus typically has no symptoms. The problem is likely to be discovered during a basic pelvic examination. Alternatively, imaging tests may be used to find the cause of recurrent miscarriages.

Women with a double uterus and vagina should first see a doctor if their menstrual bleeding doesn't stop after using a tampon. This can happen when a tampon is placed in one of the uterus, but blood is still coming out of the second uterus and vagina.

Diagnosis Of Uterus Didelphys

A regular pelvic examination could indicate a second uterus. A double cervix or a uterus with an unusual shape may be felt by your doctor. You might require particular testing to confirm the diagnosis of a double uterus:

  • Ultrasound: Images of the inside of your body are produced during this test using high-frequency sound waves. During the procedure, a transducer is placed on the exterior of the lower abdomen to record the images. The transducer could also be inserted into your vagina. It is known as Transvaginal ultrasonography. The optimum view might require using both kinds of ultrasonography.
  • Sonohysterogram: Sonohysterograms are a specific type of ultrasound examination. Through a tube, fluid is pumped into your uterus. On the ultrasound scan, the fluid can be seen to outline your uterus' shape. This enables your doctor to check for any unexpected symptoms.
  • (MRI) Magnetic resonance imaging: The MRI scanner resembles a tunnel with open ends. On a portable table that slides into the tunnel's entrance, you lie down. A magnetic field and radio waves are used in this painless test to produce cross-sectional images of the interior of your body.
  • Hysterosalpingography: Through your cervix, a specific dye is injected during a hysterosalpingography procedure into your uterus. X-rays are obtained when a dye is injected into your reproductive system. These photos demonstrate your uterus's size and form. Additionally, they reveal whether your fallopian tubes are open.
  • Additionally, an MRI or ultrasound may be used to look for renal issues.

Treatment Of Uterus Didelphys

If you don't have any symptoms or other issues, treatment for a double uterus is frequently unnecessary. It is uncommon to have a double uterus surgically joined.

But occasionally, surgery is beneficial. Your doctor may advise surgery if your uterus is partially divided and you've lost a pregnancy without a clear medical reason. You could keep a future pregnancy if you do this.

If you also have a double vagina in addition to a double uterus, surgery might be beneficial. The tissue wall dividing the two vaginas is removed during the surgery. This might ease labor slightly.

Complications Of Uterus Didelphys

Many women who have a second uterus have active sex lives. They might also experience regular pregnancies and successful births. However, occasionally having a second uterus along with other uterine conditions might result in:

  • Infertility
  • Miscarriage
  • Premature Birth
  • Problems with the kidneys

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