Ultimate NEET-PG Exam Study Material

Proven Effective Content with 96% Strike Rate

Tricuspid Stenosis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications

Jun 07, 2023

Tricuspid Stenosis Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications

The condition known as Tricuspid Stenosis (TS) causes the tricuspid orifice to constrict, preventing blood from reaching the right ventricle from the right atrium. Rheumatic fever causes almost all instances. We can notice the changes in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen as it causes weariness, cold skin, and a fluttering neck ache. 

Jugular pulsations are noticeable, and a presystolic murmur that is frequently audible at the left sternal border in the fourth intercostal space and gets louder after inspiration can also be heard. Using echocardiography, a diagnosis is made.

Tricuspid Stenosis is often benign and doesn't need any special care, however symptomatic patients might benefit from surgery.

Scale up your neet pg preparation with this blog on important topics for anatomy and experience the best NEET-PG coaching available online.

Causes of Tricuspid Stenosis

The native tricuspid valve can become obstructed by at least four different situations.These consist of:

  • A rheumatic heart condition- It is one of the most frequent causes of Tricuspid Stenosis is rheumatic heart disease, which usually invariably coexists with mitral stenosis.
  • Tricuspid stenosis from birth (Ebstein's abnormality). Infants tend to experience these lesions more frequently. Small annuli, incompletely developed leaflets, chordae that are too short or too long, an abnormal number of papillary muscles, or any combination of these abnormalities may be present.
  • Anomalies in the metabolism or of the enzymes, such as Fabry disease and Whipple disease.
  • Endocarditis with active infection. Relative Tricuspid Stenosis can be brought on by large infected vegetations infective endocarditis clogging the tricuspid valve opening. Even in people who abuse intravenous narcotics, this illness is not very prevalent.

Symptoms of Tricuspid Stenosis

There are hardly many symptoms to mention. Frequently, many persons with this illness say they experience:

  • Frailty that is worn down and lethargic
  • A rapid, irregular heartbeat known as palpitations, a trembling sensation in the neck, or both.
  • They may experience upper right abdominal pain due to a swollen, clogged liver.
  • Rarely are the symptoms severe enough to necessitate tricuspid valve replacement surgery.

Related Anatomy Articles :

Fetal Veins, Portal vein formation, Derivatives of the embryonic veins - NEET PG AnatomyTransverse Section of the Midbrain - NEET PG AnatomyDevelopment of the Nervous System - NEET PG Anatomy
Gametogenesis - Definition, Stages and Types - NEET PG AnatomyInguinal Canal & Spermatic Cord - NEET PG AnatomyDevelopment of Skull - NEET PG Anatomy

NEET PG Elite Plan

Diagnosis of Tricuspid Stenosis


Based on the patient's medical history, physical examination, and Doppler echocardiography, which reveals a pressure gradient across the tricuspid valve, the diagnosis of Tricuspid Stenosis is suspected. Right atrial (RA) hypertrophy and thicker leaflets with decreased motion are shown on two-dimensional echocardiography.

  • ECG may demonstrate RA enlargement out of proportion to RV hypertrophy, tall, peaked P waves in inferior leads, and V1. Mean forward gradient across the valve is greater than 5 mm Hg.
  • A dilated superior vena cava and RA expansion, denoted by an expanded right heart border, may be visible on a chest x-ray.
  • Passive hepatic congestion causes high levels of liver enzymes.
  • Cardiac catheterization is seldom ever recommended for diagnosing Tricuspid Stenosis. There is a diastolic pressure gradient across the tricuspid valve and higher RA pressure when catheterization is necessary (for instance, to assess coronary architecture).

Treatment of Tricuspid Stenosis

The treatment of the underlying cause of the valve disease constitutes the mainstay of medical care in the treatment of Tricuspid Stenosis.

  • Use the proper antibiotics to treat bacterial endocarditis based on how sensitive the cultivated organisms are.
  • Cardiac arrhythmias should be treated medically based on how they are classified.
  • Diuresis and salt restriction reduce right atrial volume overload, which reduces symptoms and enhances hepatic function.
  • If the stenosis is a result of an infectious process, speaking with experts in infectious diseases may be necessary.
  • If the pathology is caused by carcinoid syndrome or an inborn metabolic mistake, an endocrinologist may be able to help.

Complications of Tricuspid Stenosis

Tricuspid Stenosis could result in any of the following complications:

  • Right atrial hypertrophy
  • Heart fibrillation
  • Heart attack
  • Bacterial endocarditis
  • Stroke-related accident
  • A liver problem


The prognosis may differ depending on the tricuspid valve stenosis's underlying cause at the time of diagnosis. However, if tricuspid valve stenosis is modest, the prognosis is typically seen to be good. Surgery is necessary for severe cases of tricuspid valve stenosis. Over several years of follow-up, severe Tricuspid Stenosis appears to be well tolerated with medical intervention.

Download the PrepLadder App and get the best neet pg online coaching with world-class video lectures, QBank, Mock Tests and more!

Download PrepLadder's NEET PG preparation app for Android

Download PrepLadder's NEET PG preparation app for iOS

Rapid Revision 5.0
Auther Details

PrepLadder Medical

Get access to all the essential resources required to ace your medical exam Preparation. Stay updated with the latest news and developments in the medical exam, improve your Medical Exam preparation, and turn your dreams into a reality!


Top searching words

The most popular search terms used by aspirants

  • NEET PG Anatomy
  • Anatomy NEET PG