Oct 10, 2023
The Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome results in a rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) due to a second communication pathway between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. A congenital heart condition known as WPW syndrome affects the heart from birth. It is not particularly typical.
Fast heartbeat episodes associated with the WPW syndrome can be quite serious, even though they are normally not life-threatening. Rarely, young adults and adolescents with WPW syndrome may have sudden cardiac death.
Treatment options for WPW syndrome include specialized procedures, medications, shocks to the heart (cardioversion), and catheter surgery to stop the irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia).
Another name for WPW syndrome is pre-excitation syndrome.
Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is a congenital heart condition that affects the heart. Other congenital heart conditions, such as the Ebstein abnormality, can coexist with WPW syndrome.
Rarely is WPW syndrome inherited. A characteristic of the familial or inherited type is thicker heart muscle. It serves as an example of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
It may be useful to understand how the heart beats properly in order to understand the reasons for WPW syndrome.
The most prevalent sign of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is an elevated heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute.
Tachycardia episodes might start out suddenly and last for a short while or last for several hours. Whether you're working out or just unwinding, episodes might still occur.
The fast heartbeat and underlying arrhythmia are related to other WPW syndrome signs and symptoms. Patients with WPW syndrome are most commonly affected by supraventricular tachycardia. Supraventricular tachycardia is characterized by fast, hammering heartbeat events that start suddenly and stop abruptly. Some people with WPW syndrome experience the fast and irregular heart rhythm problem known as atrial fibrillation.
In general, those who have WPW syndrome may exhibit the following symptoms:
The following signs and symptoms may appear in infants with WPW syndrome:
In order to rule out WPW syndrome if you have a rapid heartbeat, your doctor could recommend a number of tests, including:
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The severity and recurrence of the symptoms of the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, as well as the cardiac rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmia) producing the rapid heartbeat, will determine how the condition is treated.
The purpose of treatment is to decrease the rapid heart rate when it occurs and stop recurrence. A rapid heartbeat can be treated in the following ways:
Treatment is frequently not necessary for those with an additional signaling route but no symptoms (WPW pattern).
Sudden cardiac death in children and young adults has been associated with the WPW syndrome's side effects.
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