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Stye: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Aug 11, 2023

Stye: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

The term "stye" refers to a painful red bump on the outside of your eyelid. It might look like a pimple on your face. A stye appears when a tiny oil-producing gland on the surface of your eyelids or in your eyelash follicles clogs and becomes infected. A stye is referred to in medicine as a Hordeolum.

Styes are available in two types:

  • External sties. These might appear on the outer surface of the upper or lower eyelid. An infection in the follicle that produces your eyelashes often causes external styes, the most common type.
  • Internal Stites- Either of your inner (eyeball-facing) eyelids may experience their development.

An internal stye often appears on the inner eyelid gland, which secretes oils that keep your eyes moist.

Another eyelid growth called a chalazion mimics a stye. Further back on your eyelid is normally where a bump known as a chalazion will emerge. In contrast to a stye, a chalazion is not often painful and is not caused by a bacterial infection. The two conditions are treated similarly, though.

Styes often only affect one eyelid, however, they can also show up on both.

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Causes Of Stye

A stye develops when one of the oil glands in the eyelids becomes obstructed. Therefore, bacteria might flourish inside the obstructed gland. Styes resemble acne breakouts that occur elsewhere on the skin. You could experience several styes at once.

Styes often develop over a few days. They could heal and drain by themselves. A stye may turn into a chalazion, which happens when an inflamed oil gland totally plugs itself. If a chalazion becomes large enough, it could obstruct your vision. Demodex, a mite frequently discovered on human skin, may worsen styes.

Other potential common eyelid lumps include:

Blepharitis has been linked to Demodex. You are more prone to developing styes if you have blepharitis.

Xanthelasma: Age-related elevated yellow patches on your eyelids. Despite occasionally being an indication of excessive cholesterol, these are safe.

Pink or skin-colored lumps are called papillomas. They aren't harmful, but they can grow slowly, interfere with your vision, or disturb you for aesthetic reasons. If so, they may be surgically removed.

Cysts: Tiny fluid-filled sacs that can impair your vision

Also Read: Eye Floaters: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Symptoms Of Stye

A stye's signs and symptoms include:

  • An eyelid lump
  • Pain in the eyelids
  • Redness
  • Eyelids that are swollen
  • Tenderness
  • Droppy eyelids
  • Eye discharge (crustiness on the eyelid)
  • A burning sensation

A tiny, frequently uncomfortable lump that resembles a pimple will form in the affected area once symptoms start to manifest. Usually, this is accompanied by puffy eyes. Sometimes only the nearby region swells, and other times the entire eyelid does. Consult a physician if your pain extends beyond your eyelid and into your eye.

Also Read: Amblyopia: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

Risk Factors Of Stye

You have a higher chance of developing a stye if you:

  • Use unwashed hands to touch your eyes.
  • Without thoroughly cleaning your hands or disinfecting them, put in your contact lenses.
  • nighttime wear of eye makeup
  • Use expired or outdated cosmetics
  • Have blepharitis, a long-term inflammatory condition affecting the margin of your eyelids.
  • Possess rosacea, a skin ailment characterized by a reddened face

Also Read: Myopia: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

Diagnosis Of Stye

Some styes require medical attention because they are more challenging to treat. If your vision seems to be impaired or if the state of your stye seems to be becoming worse, speak with your doctor. 

During your visit, your doctor will examine your eyelid and ask you about any additional symptoms you may be having. They could suggest using an antibiotic eye ointment if you frequently get sties. They might also suggest getting the infection lanced and cleaned out. Before this process, the area will be numbed with a local anesthetic. In cases that are more challenging to treat, you might also be given an oral antibiotic to assist in halting the spread of the germs.

Also Read: Layers of Eye : NEET PG Ophthalmology

Treatment Of Stye

The majority of the time, styes don't require any special care, however applying warm compresses might speed the healing process. Styes often disappear on their own. It often happens again.

 If a stye doesn't go away then the doctor might suggest the following:

  • Antibiotics. Your doctor might advise using antibiotic eyedrops or an eyelid-applying topical lotion. Your doctor can suggest medicines in tablet or pill form if the infection in your eyelid persists or extends outside of the eyelid.
  • A surgery to release pressure. Your doctor might make a little cut to drain the pus from the stye if it doesn't clear up on its own.

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