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Important Topics in Physiology for NEET-PG

Apr 20, 2023

Important Topics in Physiology for NEET-PG
Physiology is an important subject from Medical PG Entrance Exams perspective. It yields a high weightage in the exams. According to the recent official subject-wise marks distribution for NEET-PG, around 17 MCQ’s are expected from this subject. With a view to make your  neet pg preparations more effective, we approached our subject matter expert and India's top Physiology faculty, Dr. Soumen Manna, to highlight important Physiology topics which are likely expected to be there in exam. Here's a list of the Physiology important topics that you must prepare thoroughly for the exam.

Important Topics in Physiology for NEET PG 

Topics Sub-Topics
General Physiology Gain of control system: example of infinity gain, Body fluid: composition, measurement (DY Diagram), Transport across cell membrane (Examples, Fick’s law of diffusion)
Nerve Muscle Physiology Sarcomere, Nernst Eq calculation, RMP ionic basis, DHPT-RyR coupling in skeletal & cardiac muscle, Mechanism of muscle contraction, Energetic in muscle
CVS Cardiac cycle, Heart sound, JVP, Preload, afterload, PV loop, Baroreceptor, Cushing reflex Bain-Bridge reflex, Bezold Jarisch reflex, Ionic basis of cardiac AP, Different types of blood vessels, Pressure & volume changes during cardiac cycle, Cardiac output
Respiratory Physiology Lung volumes & capacities,Compliance curve, V/Q ratio, Resting lung volume, closing volume, Flow-volume loop & forced expiratory curve, Oxygen transport and 02- dissociation curve, Chemoreceptor and neural centre (pre- botzinger, pneumotaxic & apneustic), Respiratory center, High altitude physiology & pathology (AMS, HACE & HAPE), Decompression sickness symptoms, Effects of lesions
Excretory system Clearance, GFR, Tubular functions & counter-current, Micturition and bladder types
GIT Composition of juices, GI motility (MMC, BER), GI Hormones (CCK, Secretin & Gastrin), Absorption of water
Endocrine & Reproductive Physiology Pituitary (GH) Thyroid Insulin Receptors of the hormones Testosterone & estrogen actions
Central Nervous System Neurotransmitters, Ionic basis of EPSP, IPSP, MEPP, Renshaw cell inhibition, Muscle spindle and Golgi tendon organ full including stretch reflex, Types of Tactile receptor and adaptation phenomenon, Receptor for point discrimination, vibration & Braille reading, Hypothalamus nuclei and their functions (rage, reward, punishment, feeding), Types of memory and neuronal centre for memory, Ascending tracts, Cerebellum, Hypothalamus Sleep and EEG
Renal Physiology GFR regulation (autoregulation mechanism), JG apparatus, Renin & Erythropoietin secretory cell, Glucose and water reabsorption, Clearance curve and free water clearance, Counter current mechanism-parts involve
Special Senses Visual pathway, Eye movement
Miscellaneous Cardio-respiratory changes in exercise, Effects of ‘g’, Effects high and low barometric pressures
Dr. Soumen Manna has a complete one year preparation guide for students who are targeting NEET PG 2024. Watch him discussing the preparation strategy in the video below: Besides the important topics for physiology for NEET PG, we have also prepare a list of all the high-yield topics for different subjects. Please refer to the table below -
High-Yield Topics for Pharmacology High-Yield Topics for Radiology
High-Yield Topics for Pediatrics High-Yield Topics for Surgery
High-Yield Topics for Ophthalmology High-Yield Topics for Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
High-Yield Topics for PSM  
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