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NEET PG 2023: High-Yield Topics for Ophthalmology

Aug 17, 2022


Are you trying to figure out the best way to approach Ophthalmology for NEET-PG 2023 preparation?

PrepLadder has all the answers.

Among the 19 subjects one has to study for the NEET PG exam, Ophthalmology is one of the direct subjects. This means most questions asked in the exam are straightforward. You are unlikely to encounter many cryptic or trick questions from ophthalmology. Therefore, ophthalmology is a high-scoring subject if studied correctly. 

In this post, we have covered all the important high-yield questions that have the highest probability of being asked in the upcoming exam. Read these topics thoroughly and you will surely improve your score and rank in the exam.

Must Read for NEET PG 2023 preparation

Before diving in to the high-yield topics for Ophthalmology, we recommend you also check out all the important topics to be covered for the following subjects:

High-Yield Topics for PharmacologyHigh-Yield Topics for Paediatric
High-Yield Topics for RadiologyHigh-Yield Topics for Surgery

High-Yield Topics for Ophthalmology

Nothing will yield you better results in your NEET PG exam than focused study. The following high-yield topics for ophthalmology have been carefully selected by Dr. Sashwat Ray to help you make your NEET PG preparations more targeted and focused. Scroll down to know all the must-read topics.

You can also watch this video by Dr. Sashwat Ray to get detailed information on what to focus upon from these topics.


  • Surgery and their complications 


  • Anterior Uveitis
  • PanUveitis
  • Sarcoidosis


  • Anti-glaucoma agents
  • Visual field defects of glaucoma - scotomas 
  • Optic disc changes
  • Secondary glaucoma: Lens induced glaucoma
  • Pigmentary glaucoma
  • Pseudoexfoliation  glaucoma

Refraction on optics

  • Myopia
  • Astigmatism
  • Retinoscopy 


  • Retinal Detachments
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Diabetic retinopathy/ hypertensive retinopathy 
  • CRVO
  • CRAO
  • Retinitis pigmentosa  

Neuro Ophthalmology 

  • Visual Field Defects
  • Pupils


  • Diplopia
  • Restrictive/ Paralytic Squint

Cornea and conjunctiva 

  • Ulcers
  • Mooren’s Ulcers
  • Keratoconus
  • Keratoplasty -  PK/LK
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Adeno Viral 
  • Pterygium
  • Dry eyes



  • Blowout fracture of the orbit
  • Ocular manifestations of systemic disorders 
  • Thyroid eye disease

Past-Year Questions from Ophthalmology

Below you will find some of the questions from Ophthalmology that were asked in the recent NEET PG September 2021 exam.

Q. 1 A child with whitish pupillary reflex has undergone enucleation and shows bright round blue cells with Flexner wintersteiner rosettes. What is the diagnosis?

High-Yield Topics for Ophthalmology
  1. Retinoblastoma
  2. Rhabdomyosarcoma
  3. Medulloblastoma
  4. Astrocytoma

Answer: Retinoblastoma

Q.2 30 Year old with complains of diminishing vision on right halves of both eyes. What is the probable diagnosis?

  1. Left optic tract
  2. Right occipital lobe
  3. Optic chiasma
  4. Right optic nerve

Answer: Left optic tract

Q.3 A patient of primary open angle glaucoma with a known case of bronchial asthma. What is the drug of choice?

  1. Latanoprost 
  2. Carboprost 
  3. Alprostadil 
  4. Gemeprost

Answer: Latanoprost

Q.4 A 15 year old female with myopic astigmatism refuses to wear glasses, what would be ideal management?

  1. LASIK
  2. Femto LASIK
  3. ICL
  4. Spherical equivalent glasses 

Answer: Spherical equivalent glasses

Q.5 Corneal transparency is decided by 

  1. Keratan sulphate
  2. Chondroitin sulphate 
  3. Heparan Sulphate
  4. Hyaluronic acid

Answer: Keratan sulphate

For the detailed explanation to these questions and all the previous years questions from different subjects, you can refer to the PrepLadder app

The app will also provide you video lectures and treasures for all the must-read important topics. If you are short on time, you can refer to our Rapid Revision videos for quick recall. 

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