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How to Prepare Indian Polity for UPSC Prelims?

Aug 25, 2021

When you’re preparing to become a part of the SYSTEM (Indian Administration), it is imperative to gain a proper understanding of its components and its functioning.

When you’re preparing to become a part of the SYSTEM (Indian Administration), it is imperative to gain a proper understanding of its components and its functioning.

Indian Polity is the subject that will equip you with the knowledge related to the working of the “SYSTEM” during the UPSC exam preparation.

It is one such subject that commands huge attention at all the three stages of the Civil Services Examination, be it Prelims, Mains, or the Interview. This subject creates a sense of awareness about one’s rights, duties, responsibilities, and above all, holding government accountable which is the core of a well-functioning democracy.

This article will give you an insight on high-priority topics, and tips to prepare for Indian Polity in an effective and efficient manner. A significant amount of Indian Polity questions have appeared in recent years. 13, 14, and 15 questions were asked in 2018, 2019, and 2020 UPSC Prelims examinations. Hence, it becomes extremely important to study Indian Polity in detail to fetch crucial marks.

Also Read: 50 days Revision Plan for the UPSC Prelims Exam 2021

High-priority topics of Indian Polity for Prelims

We have covered high-priority topics of the Indian Polity in the table given below for a quick glance. One should have a deep understanding of these topics and analyze them with the current affairs for effective preparation. However, other topics should be given equal importance and should not be neglected at any cost.

Other Important Topics

Constitutional FrameworkHistorical Background
Constitutional Development
Making of the Constitution
Features of the Constitution
PreambleThe Union & Its Territories
Fundamental Rights
Directive Principles of State Policy
Fundamental Duties
Amendment of the Constitution
Basic Structure 
System of GovernmentParliamentary System
Federal System
Center-state Relations
Inter-state Relations 
Central GovernmentPresident
Prime Minister
Central Council of Ministers
Cabinet Committee
Parliamentary Committee & Forums
Supreme Court
Constitutional Bodies Election Commission
State PCS
Finance Commission
National Commission for SCsNational Commission for STs
Comptroller & Auditor General of India
Attorney General of India
Advocate General of State 
Emergency ProvisionsNational Emergency
President’s Rule or State Emergency
Financial Emergency
The 44th Amendment Act
Effects and Implications of Emergency
Role of President in the Time of Emergency
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
Revoking Emergency 
Current AffairsImportant Schemes (both Central & State), Recent Bills, and
Acts Passed in Parliament 

Apart from the above-mentioned topics, the below-listed topics deserve equal focus and attention from the Prelims point of view.

State GovernmentGovernor
Chief Minister
State Council of Ministers
State Legislature
High Courts
Subordinate Courts
Special Provisions for Some States
Union Territories & Local Government Union Territories
Scheduled & Tribal Areas
Panchayati Raj
Non-Constitutional BodiesPlanning Commission
National Development Council
National Human Rights Commission
State Human Rights Commission
Central Information Commission
Central Vigilance Commission
Central Bureau of Investigation
Lokpal & Lokayukta
NITI Aayog 
MiscellaneousCooperative Societies
Official Language  

How to Prepare for Indian Polity?

With a factual and concise syllabus, Polity is one of the easiest subjects to score high marks. Indian Polity questions asked in the Prelims can cover both static as well as the dynamic part, hence one should have a proper strategy to prepare for the subject.

We have listed a few simple yet effective tips that will help you to effectively prepare for the exams.

# Lay a Strong Foundation with NCERTs

It is easy to make fundamental concepts strong and understand Indian Polity with Class IX, X, and XI NCERT textbooks. The simplicity of these textbooks makes them an interesting read. To enhance your preparation, you can also refer to India Polity by M. Laxmikanth. This book is considered as the bible for the Indian Polity.

# Read Newspapers

It is a wise idea to read newspapers daily as many questions are asked from the recently announced schemes. Newspapers such as “The Hindu” and “The Indian Express” are excellent source of knowledge. Pay attention to news and editorials related to the Indian constitution, National and International Political systems.

# Refer & Solve Previous Year Papers

They will acquaint and help you to understand the nature and the type of questions asked in the recent years. Subsequently, you will be able to prepare with much ease. Solving previous year’s papers will also help you in revision.

# Solve Mock Tests

Consider your preparation incomplete if you haven’t solved a Mock Test. To effectively prepare and score more in Indian Polity, you should schedule at least 2 mock tests per week in the initial stages of preparation, and 1 mock test per day when the exam approaches closer.

# Don’t Mug Up all Articles of Indian Constitution

You should not mug up all the Articles of the Indian Constitution. It is humanly not possible! Only a few important articles are necessary. Others will automatically get registered if you have done enough revisions of the subject.

Also read: Must Know Articles of the Indian Constitution

Here are a few questions that were asked from the Polity and Governance section in the UPSC Prelims 2020:

Question: Which part of the Constitution of India declares the ideal of Welfare State? 

(a) Directive Principles of State Policy 

(b) Fundamental Rights 

(c) Preamble 

(d) Seventh Schedule

Answer: a  

Question: Consider the following statements : 

The Constitution of India defines its basic structure in terms of federalism, secularism, fundamental rights and democracy. 

2. The Constitution of India provides for Judicial review' to safeguard the citizens' liberties and to preserve the ideals on which the Constitution is based. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

(a) 1 only 

(b) 2 only 

(c) Both 1 and 2 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b 

Question: In the context of India, which one of the following is the characteristic appropriate for bureaucracy? 

(a) An agency for widening the scope of parliamentary democracy

(b) the An agency for strengthening structure of federalism

(c) political An agency for facilitating stability and economic growth

(d) An agency for the implementation of public policy

Answer: d

Question: Consider the following statements :

1. According to the Constitution of India, a person who is eligible to vote can be made a minister in a State for six months even if he/she is not a member of the Legislature of that State. 

2. According to the Representation of People Act, 1951, a person convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for five years is permanently disqualified from contesting an election even after his release from prison. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer:  a 

Question: With reference to the provisions contained in Part IV of the Constitution of India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. They shall be enforceable by courts.

2. They shall not be enforceable by any court.

3. The principles laid down in this part are to influence the making of laws by the State.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Answer: d

Make your Indian Polity preparation more effective and productive with PrepLadder. It is an excellent source of quality and reliable material for UPSC aspirants and has everything you need to ace the UPSC exam on one single platform. 

This includes concise, effective, and well-planned video lectures by our Dream Team for UPSC, a well-structured and high-yield QBank, highly competitive PrepTests based on real exam patterns, and Previous Year Papers in the form of tests

Keep following our articles to apprise yourself with the latest information about the exam. All the best for your exams.

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Auther Details

Raminder Singh

Raminder is a Content Manager at PrepLadder. He has worked in several aspects of the education industry throughout his career and has assisted numerous candidates in cracking major competitive exams.


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