Aug 30, 2023
The disease known as "fat embolism " occurs when fat particles enter the bloodstream and obstruct blood flow. You can experience blockages in your skin, lungs, brain, and other organs. Although this disease is uncommon and typically not serious, but it can be deadly if it becomes severe.
Anyone can experience a fat embolism, however, children are very rarely affected by it. The long bones in your body, such as the pelvis, which makes up your hips, are the ones that are most likely to break and cause this disease.
When one or more fat droplet-like particles enter your bloodstream and obstruct blood flow through some of your blood vessels, this is known as a fat embolism. Every time you break a bone, fat emboli (the word for more than one) form, but they're often too small to create any blockages.
After breaking particular bones, fat emboli are significantly more prone to become problematic. The femur (thighbone), tibia (shinbone), and fibula (which runs behind the tibia) bones in the legs account for approximately 95% of all instances involving fractures of the pelvic or long bones in the body.
The majority of the time, the fat molecules in your bloodstream can become lodged in the capillaries, which are tiny blood vessels located close to the surface of your skin, leading to a rash and other minor symptoms. Fat emboli can also harm tiny blood vessels in vital organs like your heart, brain, eyes, or lungs, leading to serious and sometimes fatal issues.
For a clinician to identify this ailment, three distinct symptoms are often required (although a diagnosis is still feasible without all three). These include side effects on your brain and lungs as well as a characteristic skin rash.
In most cases, fat embolism syndrome develops 2 to 3 days after a significant bone break or other trauma. However, it can occur as soon as 12 hours following a wound. The following are some of the primary symptoms:
Your head, neck, chest, and arms are the typical locations for these spots to form. They can also appear on the inside of your lips and on the inside of your eyelids.
Additional signs that could exist include:
The following clinical indicators may also be examined by doctors. Diagnostic and laboratory testing can detect the following modifications, but you cannot feel them as symptoms:
Rarely, this syndrome might also be brought on by other ailment or event. Several instances include:
There isn't yet a single, acknowledged method for diagnosing this illness. Because of this, medical professionals base their diagnosis on your symptoms, a physical examination, diagnostic tests, and lab results.
During the physical examination, the doctor will examine your body for any indications of probable illnesses. Additionally, they might use a stethoscope to listen to your heart and respiration.
Breathing difficulties, changes in mental status, and petechial rash are the three primary symptoms of this illness, and they all have typical outward manifestations. The diagnosis of this ailment can often be made based solely on a physical examination, especially in more severe cases.
Any of the following tests may be used to detect this condition.
There is no known treatment for fat embolism syndrome and there is no cure for the disorder. Medication, life-supporting technology, and procedures to stop future complications can all be used as therapies for fat embolism syndrome.
The provision of supportive care is the main objective of this disease. This means that instead of addressing the actual ailment, healthcare professionals concentrate on managing its symptoms and side effects.
The following are potential therapies for fat embolism syndrome:
Usually, there are no immediate consequences associated with fat embolism syndrome. However, severe cases can have an impact on your brain, eyes, or lungs in the long run. The majority of people, nevertheless, will go on to totally recover.
Concerning the potential and anticipated consequences or side effects in your situation, ask your healthcare professional. Because they can adjust the material to your particular requirements and circumstances, they are the best source of knowledge.
According to some research, having fat embolism syndrome can increase your risk of developing conditions like deep vein thrombosis or long-term brain damage. That proof isn't conclusive, though, and more investigation will be required to ascertain whether this is the case.
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